Maxillaria ringens Rchb.f 1863 sect. Amazonicae Christenson 2013 Photo by Saphir Reglisse and her Orchid & Dogs Website

Another Angle Photo courtesy of Dale and Deni Borders

Plant and Flowers Photo courtesy of Daniel Jimenez

FragrancePart shadeCoolTo HotSummer

Common Name The Rigid Maxillaria

Flower Size 1 to 3" [2.5 to 7.5 cm]

This medium to large sized, variable epiphytic species comes from southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru as well as Trinidad in tall evergreen forests and dense tropical forests at elevations of 320 to 1700 meters and as such is a medium sized, hot to cool growing, unifoliate epiphyic species having close set, prominent, ovoid to reniform, compressed pseudobulbs enveloped by a series of basal, papery bracts and carrying a single, apical, linear-lanceolate, acute-acuminate, conduplicate below into the narrow, elongate, petiolate base, leaf and blooms in the summer with sweet scented, long-lasting, waxy, solitary flowers with variable color, on a basal, slender, 2 to 5" [5 to 12.5 cm] long, inflorescence with tubular floral bracts half the length of the ovary that arises on a mature pseudobulb with the flowers held above the leaf.

Synonyms Camaridium amparoanum Schltr. 1923; Maxillaria amparoana Schlechter 1923; Maxillaria lactea Schlechter 1923; Maxillaria lactiflora Pabst 1967; Maxillaria rousseauae Schlechter 1918; Maxillaria serrulata Ames & Correll 1943; Maxillaria ysabalensis S. Watson 1888; Maxillaria yzabalana S. Wats. 1888; Ornithidium amparoanum (Schltr.) Pabst 1976;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 72. Panama Schlechter 1922 as M rousseauae; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 54. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as M amparoana; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as M lactea Schlechter 1925 not = M porrecta drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 5 1966 photo as M amparoana; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 5 1966 photo; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1043 Dodson 1984 as M amparoana drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1046 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Die Orchideen lieferung 28 Schlechter/Brieger 1993; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1997; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 704 Bennett & Christenson 2001 drawing ok; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1051 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing ok; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 4 Morales 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide

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