Maxillaria rufescens Lindley 1835 sect. Rufescens Christenson 2013 TYPE for sect. Photo courtesy of Danny Lentz, plant grown by the Atlanta Botanical Garden

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

Another Color Form Photo courtesy of Jean Claude George

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Common Name The Light Fox-Red Maxillaria

Flower Size up to 1 1/4" [3 to 4 cm]

Found from Guatemala, Belize, Leewards, Trinidad & Tobago, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil at elevations around 200 to 2000 meters as a wideranging, small to medium sized, hot to cool growing, unifoliate, bracteate, pseudobulbed epiphyte found on trees in wet tropical dense forests from elevations of 200-1700 meters requiring moderate shade, humid conditions and regular waterings. They have proximate, cylindrical to ellipsoidal, compressed, 4 angled pseudobulbs subtended by several, imbricate, distichous, membraneous sheaths and carrying a single, apical, sessile or shortly petiolate, narrowly elliptic, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, coriaceous, acute leaf and can bloom at any time with fragrant flowers smelling of vanila from a basal, erect, 1 to 2" [ 2.2 to 5cm] long, single flowered stem arising from a mature pseudobulb that carries a single campanulate flower that is held a mid leaf height.

Synonyms Camaridium rugosum (Scheidw.) Hoehne 1947; Maxillaria abelei Schltr. 1921; Maxillaria articulata Klotsch 1853; Maxillaria fuscata Hort not Klotsch 1836 ; Maxillaria rufescens var. flavida Rchb. f. 1869; Maxillaria rufescens var. florida Rchb. f. 1869; Maxillaria rufescens var. flavida Rchb.f 1869; Maxillaria rufescens var. minor Fawc. & Rendle 1910; Maxillaria rugosa Scheidw. 1843; Maxillaria vanillodora Rchb.f 1857; Mormolyca rufescens (Lindl.) M.A.Blanco 2007

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1869 drawing fide; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1872 drawing fide; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Maxillaria rufescens var flavida; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Maxillaria rufescens var minor; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 as M abelei; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 140. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:94 Schlechter 1924; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:144 Schlechter 1924; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium rugosum; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as M rufescens var flavida drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 partial see Ramiro 2000 drawing/photo good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 partial see Ramiro 2000 drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 162 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 557 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1047 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 1 1985 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 113 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 28 Schlechter/Brieger 1993; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 2 2002 photo; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Mormolyca rufescens photo fide;

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