Maxillaria scorpioidea Kraenzl. 1911 Photo by Eric Hunt and his Orchid Photos Website

Plant and Flowers in situ Costa Rica Photo by Wilfried Löderbusch

Part shadeHotTo ColdWinterSpringSummerFall

Common Name The Scorpion-Like Flower Maxillaria

Flower Size 1 3/4" [4.5 cm]

Found from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in wet montane forests as a miniature to large sized, hot to cold growing epiphyte at elevations of 100 to 3100 meters with hard shiny green, sulcate, banana-shaped pseudobulbs that are subtended by scarious bracts and carrying 2 to 3 apical, deciduous, fleshy, hard, linear-oblong, conduplicate below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms on a basal, 1 1/2" [4 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence that is surrounded by imbricating sheaths and arising on a mature pseudobulb occuring at most any time of the year.

Synonyms Camaridium scorpioideum (Kraenzl.) Hoehne 1947; Maxillaria rhodosticta Kraenzl. 1928; Rhetinantha scorpioidea (Kraenzl.) M.A. Blanco 2007

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium scorpiodeum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 545 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1363 Atwood 1989 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 as Rhetianantha scorpiodea photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide;