Malaxis unifolia Michx. 1803 Photo by © Carl Luer and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Plant in Situ USA

Another View

Another View Photos by Paul Johnson ©


Common Name The Single-Leafed Malaxis - The Green Adder's Mouth Orchid

Flower Size .1" to .2" [2 to 4 mm]

Found in the southeastern USA through Mexico and south to Honduras and El Salvador in dry woodlands and mesic pine flatwoods as a miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial occuring in deep shade an erect, terete stem carrying midway up, a single, ovate, keeled, swollen basally into a false bulb that blooms in the late winter and spring to summer on an erect, few to many [3 to 80] flowered, arranged in a packed raceme that elongates with age

Synonyms Achroanthes ophioglossoides (Muhl. ex Willd.) Raf. 1808; Achroanthes unifolia (Michx.) Raf. 1808; Malaxis grisebachiana (Fawc. & Rendle) Fawc. & Rendle 1910; Malaxis ophioglossoides Muhl. ex Willd. 1805; Malaxis thlaspiformis A. Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Microstylis grisebachiana Fawc. & Rendle 1909; Microstylis ophioglossoides (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. ex Eaton 1822; Microstylis unifolia (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 1888; Prescottia ophioglossoides (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng. 1826

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Microstylis grisebachiana; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as M grisebachiana drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Microstylis ophioglossioides; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photos fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo ok; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing hmm; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #13 753 - 819 Liparinae 1983; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1231 Dodson 1985 drawing ok?; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 4 2000; Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 drawing fide/photo ok; The Wild Orchids of Florida Brown 2002