Maxillaria violaceo-punctata Rchb. f. 1855 sect. Iridifoliae Pfitz 1889

Flower Closeup

Plant Photo courtesy of Americo Docha Neto

and EARLY

Common Name The Violet Spotted Maxillaria

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found at elevations of 200 to 750 meters in French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Bolivia and Peru in wet montane forests at elevations of 600 to 800 meters as a large sized, caespitose, hot growing epiphyte with unifoliate, ovoid, flattened, sulcate, shiny pseudobulbs subtended by distichous, imbricating, foliaceous sheaths with linear-elliptic, basally clasping leaves that are somewhat conduplicate at the base where it blooms on a axillary, short to 2" [4.8 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence arising from the basal leaf sheaths of a mature pseudobulb with fleshy, successively opening, fragrant flowers occuring in the winter and early spring.

Synonyms Heterotaxis violaceopunctata (Rchb.f.) F.Barros 2002

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 558 Dodson 1982 drawing ok; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 550 Dodson 1989 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 3 COS 1991 photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 118 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing ok; Die Orchideen lieferung 28 Schlechter/Brieger 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 4 1994 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Supplemental Plate Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Heterotaxis violaceopunctata photo fide;

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