!Mediocalcar bifolium J.J. Sm. 1910 SECTION Epicalcar Photo by Copyright Rogier Van Vugt and His PBase Orchid Photo Website

Plant and Flowers Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright 2002 All rights reserved.

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt, plant grown by Gerardus Staal

Part shadeCoolTo Cold WinterSpringSummerFall

Common Name The Two-Leafed Mediocalcar

Flower Size 2/5" [1 cm]

Found in New Guinea, The Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu as a creeping, ascending, miniature sized cool to cold growing epiphyte or lithophyte forming mats from montane, rain and subalpine forests and shrublands or on mossy rocks or roadcuts at altitudes of 1800 to 2600 meters with obliquely ovoid, green pseudobulbs carrying 2 apical, oblanceolate, obtuse or acute leaves and blooms at any time of the year on a 1/3" [1 cm] long, single flowered, axillary inflorescence arising from the apice of a newly developing pseudobulb that has a solitary, bell shaped, long-lasting flower which can occur at most any time of the year.

Synonyms Eria bifolia (J.J.Sm.) Kraenzl. 1911; Mediocalcar agathodaemonis J.J.Sm. 1910; Mediocalcar albicoccineum P.Royen 1979; Mediocalcar alpinum J.J.Sm 1914; Mediocalcar alpinum var. spathipetalum J.J.Sm 1915; Mediocalcar angustifolium Gilli 1980; Mediocalcar angustum J.J.Sm. 1934 ; Mediocalcar bifolium var. validum J.J.Sm. 1913; Mediocalcar brevisaccatum Schltr. 1919; Mediocalcar compressicalcar J.J.Sm. 1929; Mediocalcar dependens J.J.Sm. 1914; Mediocalcar diphyllum Schltr. 1911; Mediocalcar erectum Schltr. 1911; Mediocalcar filopedunculatum Gilli 1980 publ. 1983; Mediocalcar luteococcineum Schltr. 1911; Mediocalcar minjense P.Royen 1979; Mediocalcar montanum Ridl. 1916; Mediocalcar monticola Schltr. 1911; Mediocalcar retusum J.J.Sm. 1929

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912 drawing as M diphyllum; The Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912 drawing as M erectum; The Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912 drawing as M monticola; Die Orchideen #6 21-24 tafel 7 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as M diphylla photo ok; Die Orchideen #6 21-24 tafel 7 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as M erectum photo ok; The Orchids of the High Mountains of New Guinea Van Royen 1979 as M albococcineum drawing ok; The Orchids of the High Mountains of New Guinea Van Royen 1979 as M longipes drawing ok; The Orchids of the High Mountains of New Guinea Van Royen 1979 as M montanum drawing ok; The Orchids of the High Mountains of New Guinea Van Royen 1979 as M brevisaccatum; The Orchids of the High Mountains of New Guinea Van Royen 1979 as M retusum drawing ok; The Orchids of the High Mountains of New Guinea Van Royen 1979 drawing ok; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol IV Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide;

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------