Microtis unifolia ( G.Forst. ) Rchb.f. 1871 Photo courtesy of Cathy Powers and her AUSTRALIAN TERRESTRIAL ORCHIDS OTHER FLORA & FAUNA BANJORAH Website

Common Name The Single Leafed Microtis - Common Onion Orchid - in Ryuku Islands - Nira-ba-ran - In China Cong Ye Lan

Flower Size 1/8" [.3 cm]

Found from Japan, Ryukyu Islands , Taiwan, the Chinese Himalayas, Malaysia, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island, New Zealand and Australia at elevations of 1500 to 2800 meters in montane grasslands with annual fires in the dry season as a medium sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial occuring in grassland and grassy areas in open forest, heathy forest and woodland with small, globose tubers giving rise to a single, terete, elongate, hollow [onion-like], basally sheathed leaf that blooms in the spring and summer on an erect, 9" [22.5 cm] long, several to many [30] flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Epipactis porrifolia Sw. 1800; Microtis aemula Schltr. 1906; Microtis banksii A.Cunn. ex Hook. 1835; Microtis formosana Schltr. ex Masam 1964; Microtis frutetorum Schltdl. 1847; Microtis longifolia Colenso 1885; Microtis papillosa Colenso 1885 publ. 1886; Microtis porrifolia (Sw.) R.Br. 1810; Microtis porrifolia var. parviflora (R.Br.) Rodway 1903; Microtis pulchella Lindl. 1840; Microtis viridis F.Muell. 1865; *Ophrys unifolia G.Forst. 1786

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as M porrifolia; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen #6 21-24 tafel 7 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo ok; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989; Native Orchids of New Caledonia Societe' Neo-Caledonienne D' Orchidophile 1995; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 photo good; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Native Orchids of New Zealand, A Colour Field Guide Scanlen & St George 2010 photo fide;

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