!Miltoniopsis vexillaria [Rchb.f] Garay & Dunsterville 1889

Flower Closeup Photos by Jay Pfahl

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Common Name The Flag-Like Miltonopsis

Flower Size 3 to 4" [7.5 to 10 cm]

The type species for Miltonopsis is an erect, small sized, cool to cold growing, epiphytic orchid from Antioquia, Risaralda and Valle de cauca departments of Colombia and northern Ecuador and is found at an altitude of 1000-2200 meters at the edges of very wet montane cloud forests with oblong-ellipsoid, compressed, ancipitous on the edges, gray green pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several, distichous, imbricating sheaths with the uppermost 3 to 6 being foliaceous and carrying a single apical, strap-like, acute, pale gray green leaf that blooms in the spring and fall on a basal, lateral, slender, arching 12 to 20" [30 to 50 cm] long inflorescence that has small lanceolate bracts, arising on a mature pseudobulb and carrying about 4 to 9, flat flowers.

Synonyms Miltonia vexillaria [Rchb.f]Nicholson 1886; Miltonia vexillaria var. leopoldii A.H.Kent 1892; Miltonia vexillaria var. rubella A.H.Kent 1892; Miltonia vexillaria var. stupenda A.H.Kent 1892; *Odontoglossum vexillarium Rchb.f 1867

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1874 as Odontoglossum vexillarium drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Miltonia vexillaria photos fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Miltonia vexillaria var leopoldii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Miltonia vexillaria var radiata; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Miltonia vexillaria var madouxiana; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Miltonia vexillaria drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 3 1970; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 10 1978 photo; Orquideologia Vol 13 No 3 1979; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 5 1982 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 6 1982 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 10 1982 drawing/photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 461 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 10 1985 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 3 COS 1991 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 57 No 4 1993 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 9 1993 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 33-6 1997 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 1 2004 photo; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 1 2005 photo; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 1 2007 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 1 2007 photo; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide

Miltoniopsis vexillarius var alba 1889 Photo by Jay Pfahl

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 9 1992 photo;

Miltoniopsis vexillarius var semi alba 1889 Photo by Patricia Harding

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