Mormodes buccinator Lindl 1840 SECTION Mormodes

Photo by Jay Pfahl

to EARLY

Common Name The Inflated Mormodes

Flower Size to 2 1/2" [6.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil in lowland forests at elevations of 450 to 1500 meters as a large sized, deciduous leafed, hot to cool growing epiphyte found often on decaying trees with oblong-ellipsoid to ovoid, clustered, slightly compressed pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several, imbricate, leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying oblong to narrowly lanceolate, deciduous, acuminate leaves and blooms in the fall, winter and early spring on a mature pseudobulb after the leaves fall on a basal, lateral, to 15" [37.5 cm] long, few to several [7 to 12] flowered inflorescence that has nicely spicy, fragrant flowers.

After blooming keep dry until a new growth appears and is at least an inch tall before resuming water and food. This species should be divided often and kept to 1 or 2 pseudobulbs, this is enough for a blooming plant later in the year after a growth season. When the leaves fall it is time to suspend food and back off on the watering.

Synonyms Catasetum buccinator (Lindl.) Lindl. ex Stein ?; Mormodes amazonica Brade 1939; Mormodes brachystachya Klotzsch 1852; Mormodes buccinator var. major Rchb.f. 1880; Mormodes buccinator var. theiochlora Rchb.f. 1881; Mormodes flavida Klotzsch 1852; Mormodes lentiginosa Hook. 1849 ; Mormodes leucochila Klotzsch 1853; Mormodes marmorea Klotzsch 1853 ; Mormodes theiochlora (Rchb.f.) Salazar 1994; Mormodes vitellina Klotzsch 1853; Mormodes wagneriana Klotzsch 1853

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as M amazonicum drawing hmm; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as M amazonicum drawing hmm; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959 photo fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 8 1961 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 8 1961 as M buccinator var lentignosa photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 7 1963 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing ok; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as M amazonica drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Orquideologia Vol 15 #2-3 1982 as M flavida drawing ok; Orquideologia Vol 15 #2-3 1982 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 876 Dodson 1983 drawing ok; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo hmm; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 3 COS 1991 photo ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 26 1584 - 1648 Brieger 1992 photo hmm; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 26 1584 - 1648 Brieger 1992 as M amazonica; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as M flavida; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 82 #10 2013 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #4 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #10 2019 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 as Mormodes flavida photo fide

Mormodes buccinator var. theiochlora Rchb.f. 1881

Original Drawing by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

An alba version of the previous species.

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