Mormodes buccinator Lindl 1840 SECTION Mormodes Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

LATE to EARLY

Common Name The Inflated Mormodes

Flower Size to 2 1/2" [6.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil in lowland forests at elevations of 450 to 1500 meters as a large sized, deciduous leafed, hot to cool growing epiphyte found often on decaying trees with oblong-ellipsoid to ovoid, clustered, slightly compressed pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several, imbricate, leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying oblong to narrowly lanceolate, deciduous, acuminate leaves and blooms in the late winter and early spring on a mature pseudobulb after the leaves fall on a basal, lateral, to 15" [37.5 cm] long, few to several [7 to 12] flowered inflorescence that has nicely spicy, fragrant flowers.

After blooming keep dry until a new growth appears and is at least an inch tall before resuming water and food. This species should be divided often and kept to 1 or 2 pseudobulbs, this is enough for a blooming plant later in the year after a growth season. When the leaves fall it is time to suspend food and back off on the watering.

Synonyms Catasetum buccinator (Lindl.) Lindl. ex Stein ?; Mormodes amazonica Brade 1939; Mormodes brachystachya Klotzsch 1852; Mormodes buccinator var. theiochlora Rchb.f. 1881; Mormodes flavida Klotzsch 1852; Mormodes lentiginosa Hook. 1849 ; Mormodes leucochila Klotzsch 1853; Mormodes marmorea Klotzsch 1853 ; Mormodes theiochlora (Rchb.f.) Salazar 1994; Mormodes vitellina Klotzsch 1853; Mormodes wagneriana Klotzsch 1853

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as M amazonicum drawing hmm; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959 photo; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 8 1962 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 7 1963 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as M amazonica drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 876 Dodson 1983 drawing ok; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo hmm; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 3 COS 1991 photo ok; Die Orchideen lieferung 26 Schlechter/Brieger 1992 photo hmm; Die Orchideen lieferung 26 Schlechter/Brieger 1992 as M amazonica; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ram iro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide;

Mormodes buccinator var. theiochlora Rchb.f. 1881 Original Drawing by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

An alba version of the previous species.

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