Myoxanthus congestus (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Soto Arenas 2008SUBGENUS Myoxanthus SECTION Myoxanthus Luer 1992 Photo by JM VP The Orquideas Mexicanas Website

Plant and Flowers Photo by Patricia Harding

Common Name The Congested Myoxanthus

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found from Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Coasta Rica, Panama, Venezuela and Guyanas as a small sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte and occasional lithophyte that occurs at elevations of 200 to 1300 meters in forested ravines with stout, erect, ramicauls enveloped basally by 5 to 6, tubular, hispidous sheaths and carrying a single apical, erect, thickly coriaceous, elliptical to narrowly elliptical, acute to subacute leaf that is cuneate below into a conduplicate, subpetiolate base and blooms in the fall on a fascile of single, successive flowers, producing from 1 to 20 simultaneously at the apex of the ramicaul with sparsly pubescent floral bracts.

Synonyms Myoxanthus octomeriae (Schltr.) Luer 1982; Myoxanthus octomerioides var. octomeriae (Schltr.) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007; Pleurothallis cerea Ames 1923; *Pleurothallis congesta A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Pleurothallis octomeriae Schltr. 1922; Pleurothallis ramentacea Garay & Dunst. 1976

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 21. Panama Schlechter 1922 as Pleurothallis octomeriae; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Pleurothallis octomeriae; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 as Pleurothallis ramentacea drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Pleurothallis racementacea drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 879 Dodson 1983 as M octomeriae drawing hmm; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol IX Systematics of Myoxanthus 1992 as M octomeriae drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as M octomeriae; *Icones Orchidacearum 10 Plate 1053 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing fide