Myoxanthus xiphion Luer 1982 SUBGENUS Myoxanthus SECTION Antennella Luer 1992

Photo by Sebastian Viera-Uribe and A taxonomic synopsis and morphological characterization of Myoxanthus (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae) Gustavo Rojas-Alvarado, Mario A. Blanco, A. P. Karremans 2021

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by Carl Luer

Common Name The Little Sword Myoxanthus [refers to the shape of the leaves]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in eastern Ecuador in wet forests at elevations of 850 to 1650 meters as a miniature to small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with erect, slender ramicauls enveloped by 3 tubular, hispidulous, disintegrating sheaths carrying a single, erect, coriaceous, narrowly ovate, acute, cuneate below into the subpetiolate base leaf that blooms in the summer on succession of .08 to .032" [2 to 3 mm] long, single flowered inflorescence arising from the aggregation of nodes at the apex of the ramicaul with pubescent, as long as the pedicel floral bracts.

"The scabrous sheaths are usually shed early. A small, brown, minutely pubescent flower is produced successively from the node at the base of the narrowly ovate leaf. The petals are three lobed near the middle, the middle lobe narrowly terete and the lateral lobes acute and denticulate. The oblong lip is arcuate with a pair of acute, retrorse, marginal angles near the middle." LUer 1992

Synonyms

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol IX Systematics of Myoxanthus Luer 1992;

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 photo fide; A taxonomic synopsis and morphological characterization of Myoxanthus (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae) Gustavo Rojas-Alvarado, Mario A. Blanco, A. P. Karremans 2021 Photo fide

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