Neottia wuyishanensis B.H. Chen & X.H. Jin 2021

A) Leaves; (B) Roots; (C) Habit; (D) Flower; (E) Mature fruits; (F) Bract, dorsal sepal, lateral sepal, petal; (G) Lip, claw with a pair of auricles (indicated by arrow); (H) Gynostemium, enlarged at apex (indicated by arrow); (I) Seeds.

Photos by B H Chen and Neottia wuyishanensis (Orchidaceae: Neottieae), a new species from Fujian, China Bing-Hua Chen & Xiao-Hua Jin 2021

Common Name The Wuyishan Neottia [refers to Wuyishan National Park Fujian province of China]

Flower Size .08" [2 mm]

Found in Fujian province of China in mixed forests at elevations around 1800 meters as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial with an erect stem carrying below the lower third of the stem, 2 opposite, broadly ovate, acute leaves that blooms in summer on an erect, peduncle 3.2 to 5.2" [8 to 13 cm] long, pubescent, provided with 5 bracts, rachis 2.4 to 3.6" [6 to 9 cm] long, laxly 5 to 19 flowered inflorescence with ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, shorter than the pedicel floral bracts.

"N. wuyishanensis is closely related to N. fugongensis and N. pseudonipponica by sharing pubescent inflorescence, a long pedicel and ovary of flower, a Y-shaped lip, and gynostemium structure. All three species have a dilated hood on the apex of the column, and the stigma area is especially enlarged (Jin and Li, 2007; Chen et al., 2009; Lin, 2019). However, it is readily distinguished from these species by the auricles at the base of lip, and the shape and size of lobelets of lip. N. wuyishanensis readily differs from N. puberula (= Listera puberula) by having a Y-shaped lip with a pair of auricles at the base (versus elliptic lip without auricles), and ciliate lip margins (versus entire)." Bing-Hua Chen & Xiao-Hua Jin 2021

Synonyms

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Neottia wuyishanensis (Orchidaceae: Neottieae), a new species from Fujian, China Bing-Hua Chen & Xiao-Hua Jin 2021 drawing/photo fide

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