Nervilia futago S.W.Gale & T.Yukawa 2015

Leaf

Photos by y Munetaka Nishi and Kazuhiro Suzuki *Systematic Botany, 40(2):413-425. Studies in Asian Nervilia (Orchidaceae) V: Nervilia futago, a Cryptic New Species from Southwest Japan Confirmed by Morphological, Cytological, and Molecular Analyses Stephan W. Gale, Jihong Li, Akihiko Kinoshita, and Tomohisa Yukawa 2015

Full shade Warm LATE Spring

Common Name or Meaning The Alishan Nervilia [A nature reserve in Taiwan]

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in southwestern Japan in border between evergreen broad-leaved forests and Cryptomeria japonica plantation at elevations around 645 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cold growing terrestrial with a beige, compressed-globose, 3 to 4 noded tuber giving rise to an erect stem carrying a single, arising sfter blooming, light green flushed purple brown, polygonal-cordate, membraneous, glabrous, 5 main veined, veins slightly sunken on the adaxial surface, cordate toothed at the tips of the veins, acute to acuminate, basal lobes rounded, apple green flushed purplish-brown at the junction of the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the late spring on an erect, terminal, terete, pale greenish brown togreenish brown, transluscent, 1.52 to 4.08" [3.8 to 10.2 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence with narrowly ovate-lanceolate, acute, longer than the pedicel floral bracts and carrying initially erect becoming nodding, resupinate, breifly wide opening flowers.

"This species is similar to Nervilia nipponica Makino, with which it is sympatric in Japan, but is separable by the absence of tall clavate hairs on the petals and lip epichile, and by the placement of the pollinia on the stigma. Phylogenetically, it is more closely related to the Himalayan N. macroglossa (Hook.f.) Schltr., from which it is discernable by its smaller flower and by its non-gibbous hypochile." Stephan W. Gale, Jihong Li, Akihiko Kinoshita, and Tomohisa Yukawa 2015

Synonyms Nervilia brevilobata C.S.Leou, C.L.Yeh & S.W.Gale 2013

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Systematic Botany, 40(2):413-425. Studies in Asian Nervilia (Orchidaceae) V: Nervilia futago, a Cryptic New Species from Southwest Japan Confirmed by Morphological, Cytological, and Molecular Analyses Stephan W. Gale, Jihong Li, Akihiko Kinoshita, and Tomohisa Yukawa 2015 drawing/photo fide

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