Nervilia plicata (Andrews) Schltr. 1911 SECTION Vinerlia
Leaf Photos courtesy of Peter O'Byrne, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website. and Flora Malesiana Vol III
Common Name The Folded Nervilia - In China Mao Ye Yu Lan
Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]
Found in the Assam, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Western Himalayas, Hong Kong, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Java, Sumatra, New Guinea, Philippines, Taiwan and Queensland Australia in shaded and damp forests along valleys at elevations around 200 to 1600 meters as a miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with a very short, brown-purplish leaf stalk and a heart-shaped, outer edge evenly rounded, both sides hairy, with many curved veins raised alternately above and below the leaf that blooms in the late spring on an erect 2 1/4" to 4" [6 to 10 cm] long, 1 to 2 flowered inflorescence.
This orchid needs hot to cool, humid conditions with a dry winter rest when the deciduous leaf falls, the new leaf appears in the early spring and the flowers a few months later, after the leaf has matured and fallen away.
Synonyms Aplostellis velutina (Parish & Rchb. f.) Ridl. 1924; *Arethusa plicata Andr. 1802; Cordyla discolor Blume 1825; Epipactis plicata Roxb. 1832; Nervilia biflora (Wight) Schltr. 1906; Nervilia dallachyana (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Schltr. 1906; Nervilia discolor (Blume) Schltr. 1911; Nervilia discolor var. purpurea (Hayata) S.S.Ying 1977; Nervilia porphyrophylla Schltr. 1911 Nervilia purpurea (Hayata) Schltr. 1911; Nervilia velutina (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1911; Pogonia biflora Wight 1851; Pogonia dallachyana F.Muell. ex Benth. 1873; Pogonia discolor (Lindl.) Blume 1849; Pogonia plicata (Andrews) Lindl. 1840; Pogonia pudica Ames 1908; Pogonia pulchella Hook.f. 1885; Pogonia purpurea Hayata 1911; Pogonia velutina Parish & Rchb. f. 1874; Roptrostemon discolor (Blume) Blume 1828
References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Pongonia [sic] pulchella and Pongonia [sic] velutina; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Pogonia plicata drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as Pogonia discolor; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as Pogonia discolor drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as N discolor; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Pogonia discolor drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as N discolor; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as N discolor; The Orchids of Papua New Guinea An Introduction Millar 1978 photo ok; Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VI Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as N discolor; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchid Flora Of Kamrup District Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001 drawing ok; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana; Orchids of New Guinea Vol IV Schuitman, deVogel 2006; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 as N dallachyana photo good; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawings ok; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide/photo ok; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide