Oncidium sotoanum R.Jiménez & Hágsater 2010 SECTION Rostrata

Full inflorescence

Floral Closeup Photos by © Jay Pfahl

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Common Name The Birds Beak Oncidium

Flower Size 3/4" [to 2 cm]

This is a northern Central American, cool to warm growing species that grows as an epiphyte in humid forests at altitudes up to 1500 meters and likes a semi-winter rest. Found as a medium sized, epiphytic plant with oval, compressed, 2 1/2" [6 cm] pseudobulbs that are fairly closely grouped on the rhizome and as a rule there are two apical, flexible, curved, linear-lanceolate, 8" [20 cm] leaves. The basal, curving or pendulous, to 2' [60 cm] long, dense and branched, strongly arched panicle, sometimes two to a mature pseudobulb, arise in the fall and winter and have numerous fragrant longlasting flowers.

I mounted this species on cork and it thrives, many times blooming more than once a year.

CAUTION!!!!!!This orchid for most of the last 200 years has been known as Oncidium ornithorhynchum which with recent studies has been found to describe a yellow flowered species from Andean South America known commonly as Oncidium pyramidale. A new name was needed for the pink, highly fragrant flowers that occur in Central America hence this new name Oncidium sotoanum for the species in the photos above.

Synonyms Oncidium sotoanum f. albiflorum (Rchb.f.) Lückel 2014; Oncidium sotoanum subsp. papalosmum R.Jiménez 2010

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum drawing fide; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum drawing good; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 appendix as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 7 1979 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum photo; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 1 1984 photo as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1243 Dodson 1985 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 3 1986 photo as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as Oncidium orhithorhynchum photo fide ; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 77 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 4/331 1991 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 3 1997 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 33-6 1997 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 66 No 2 2001 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum photo; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum; Oncidium VOl 3 Koniger 2007 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum photo/drawing; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Oncidium ornithorhynchum photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 as O papalosmum photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide

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