Ophrys ferrum-equinum Desfontaines 1807 Photo courtesy of Th. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part sunCold Spring

Common Name The Horseshoe Ophyrs

Flower Size 1.4" [3.5 cm]

A miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid that is found in the Aegean, Albania, Crete, Greece and western Turkey in short grasslands, garrigue, scrub and open woodlands at elevations up to 1100 meters that blooms on a terminal, erect, 4 to 14" [10 to 35 cm] long, laxly 2 to 8 flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Ophrys andracnitis Bory & Chaub. 1838; Ophrys corinthiaca Hausskn. 1899; Ophrys ferrum-equinum subsp. gottfriediana (Renz) E.Nelson 1962; Ophrys ferrum-equinum var. gottfriediana (Renz) Biel 2001; Ophrys gottfriediana Renz 1928

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 4 1985 photo as O gottfriediana; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Ophyrs The Bee Orchids of Europe Pederson & Faurholdt 2007