!Ophrys insectifera L. 1753 Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

Part shade Cold Springand EARLYSummer

Common Name The Insect Bearing Ophyrs - The Fly Orchid

Flower Size about 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

A medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid found in Ireland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Spain, Balearic Islands, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine and most of Russia with slender stems carrying 7 to 9 linear-lanceolate leaves that blooms in the spring and early summer on a 2' [60 cm] long, loosely 2 to 14 flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Arachnites musciflora (Huds.) F.W.Schmidt 1793; Epipactis myodes (Jacq.) F.W.Schmidt 1795; Malaxis myodes (Jacq.) Bernh. 1800; Ophrys insectifera f. apiculata (M.Schulze) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera f. bombifera (Brb. ex Rchb.f.) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera f. dubia (Ruppert) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera f. longibracteata (Ruppert) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera f. parviflora (M.Schulze) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera f. rotundata (Ruppert) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera f. subbombifera (Ruppert) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera lus. ochroleuca (E.G.Camus) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera lus. virescens (Ruppert) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera lus. viridiflora (A.Camus) So 1970 publ. 1971; Ophrys insectifera var. myodes L. 1753; Ophrys muscaria Scopoli ?; Ophrys muscifera Hudson 1761; Ophrys muscifera f. apiculata M.Schulze 1894; Ophrys muscifera f. bombifera Brb. ex Rchb.f. 1851; Ophrys muscifera f. dubia Ruppert in W.Zimmerman 1912; Ophrys muscifera f. longibracteata Ruppert 1924; Ophrys muscifera f. ochroleuca E.G.Camus 1908; Ophrys muscifera f. parviflora M.Schulze 1889; Ophrys muscifera f. rotundata Ruppert 1912; Ophrys muscifera f. subbombifera Ruppert 1924; Ophrys muscifera f. virescens Ruppert 1928; Ophrys muscifera f. viridiflora A.Camus 1929; Ophrys myodes [L] Jacquin 1781; Orchis insectifera (L.) Crantz 1769; Orchis muscaria Scop. 1772; Orchis muscifera (Huds.) Salisb. 1796; Orchis musciflora Schrank 1789; Orchis myodes (Jacq.) Bernhard 1800

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as O muscifera; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as O muscifera drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 10 1957 drawing as Orchis muscifera; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing column only; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 1 1985 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 2 1985; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 6 1998 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 4 1999 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Ophyrs The Bee Orchids of Europe Pederson & Faurholdt 2007; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide;

Ophrys insectifera subsp. aymoninii Breistroffer 1981 Photo courtesy of V. et V. Lecomte and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part shadeCold Spring

Flower Size about 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

This small to medium sized species is a cold growing terrestrial orchid occuring only in France in the Masiff central in calcaraceous to humid soil in open beech/pinewoods, at elevations of sea level to 1200 meters that blooms in the late spring on a terminal, erect, 8 to 20" [20 to 50 cm] long, 5 to 10 flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Ophrys aymoninii (Breister) Buttler 1986; Ophrys insectifera subsp. subinsectifera (C.E.Hermos. & Sabando) O.Bols & Vigo 2001; Ophrys muscifera var. bombifera Brebisson ; Ophrys subinsectifera C.E.Hermos. & Sabando 1995-1996

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as O aymoninii

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