Ophrys speculum Link 1799 publ. 1800 Photo by © Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

Part shade Cold EARLYSpring

Common Name The Mirrored Ophrys - in France Ophrys mirroir - in Germany Spiegel-ragwurz

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3.2 cm]

A miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid from Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Balaeric Islands, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, the eastern Aegean Islands, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan in short, poor grasslands, banks, abandoned cultivation, garrigue, scrub and open woodlands at elevations of sealevel to 1200 meters with 3 to 5 basal, oblong-lanceolate leaves that blooms in the early spring on a terminal, erect, 8 to 12" [20 to 30 cm] long, loosely 2 to 15 flowered inflorescence .

Synonyms Arachnites speculum Tod. 1842; Ophrys ciliata Bivona-Bernardi 1816; Ophrys speculum var. lutescens J.J.Rodr. 1904; Ophrys vernixia subsp. ciliata Kerguelen

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 9 1969; Die Orchideen #2 5-8 tafel 3 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 1 1982 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 as O vernixia; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 2 1985 photo; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Ophyrs The Bee Orchids of Europe Pederson & Faurholdt 2007

Ophrys speculum subsp. lusitanica Danesch 1969 Photo courtesy of P.M.Blais and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part shadeCold Spring

Common Name The Lusitanica Ophrys [An Ancient Region of Portugal and Spain]

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3.2 cm]

Found in Portugal and Spain in short, poor grasslands and Garrigue at altitudes up to 800 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid in scrub and open meadows in and around limestone deposits with tuberous roots carrying large, oblong, subobtuse basal leaves and lanceolate, acute cauline leaves that blooms in the spring on an erect, 2 to 6 flowered inflorescence with showy, waxy flowers.

This is the largest plant and longest inflorescence of these subspecies.

Synonyms Ophrys ciliata subsp. lusitanica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) H.Baumann, Künkele & R.Lorenz 2004; Ophrys lusitanica (O.Danesch & E.Danesch) Paulus & Gack 1990; Ophrys scolopax Willd.; Ophrys speculum subsp. lusitanica Danesch 1969; Ophrys vernixia Brotero 1804; Ophrys vernixia subsp. lusitanica (O. & E. Danesch) Baumann & Künkele 1986

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as O vernixia; Ophyrs The Bee Orchids of Europe Pederson & Faurholdt 2007

Ophrys speculum Link subsp. regis-ferdinandii Acht. & Kellerer ex Kuzmanov 1971

Part shade Cold Spring

Common Name Ferdinand's Ophrys {King of Bulgaria mid 1800 to mid 1900's]

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in the easternmost Aegean Islands and neighboring southwestern Turkey in short, poor grasslands, garrigue, scrub, banks and open woodlands at elevations up to 400 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial with a few basal leaves that blooms in spring on an erect, terminal, lax inflorescence with 2 to 11 flowers.

Synonyms Ophrys ciliata subsp. regis-ferdinandii (Acht. & Kellerer ex Renz) H.Baumann, Künkele & R.Lorenz 2004; Ophrys regis-ferdinandii (Renz) Buttler 1983; *Ophrys speculum f. regis-ferdinandii Renz 1943; Ophrys vernixia subsp. regis-ferdinandii (Acht. & Kellerer ex Renz) Renz & Taubenheim 1983

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as O regis-ferdinandii; Ophyrs The Bee Orchids of Europe Pederson & Faurholdt 2007

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------