Ophrys tenthredinifera Willdenow 1811 Photo courtesy of Pascal Pernot and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part shade to Cold LATEWinterandSpring

Common Name The Leaf-Wasp Carrying Ophyrs - The Sawfly Orchid - in France Ophrys guepe - in Germany Wespen-ragwurz

Flower Size to 1" [to 2.5 cm]

A miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid that is found in Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Balaeric Islands, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy, Albania, eastern Aegean Islands, Greece, Cyprus and Turkey in grassy and stony wastelands, scrublands and open forests in acidic soils at elevations of sealevel to 1200 meters with basal, 3 to 9, ovate to lanceolate leaves that blooms in late winter and spring on a lax, 3 to 8 flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Arachnites limbata Link 1829; Arachnites tenthredinifera Tod. 1842; Ophrys aprilia Devillers & Devillers-Tersch. 2003; Ophrys arachnites Link 1799; Ophrys di-stefani Lojac. 1909; Ophrys ficalhoana Guimar 1887; Ophrys ficalhoana var. choffati J.A.Guim. 1887; Ophrys ficalhoana var. davei J.A.Guim. 1887; Ophrys fusca Rchb. 1851; Ophrys grandiflora Tenore 1919; Ophrys insectifera var. rosea Desfontainesp 1799; Ophrys limbata Link 1829; Ophrys neglecta Parlatore 1858; Ophrys rosea (Desf.) Duf. 1860; Ophrys tabanifera Sieber ex Nyman 1882; Ophrys tenoreana Lindley 1811; Ophrys tenthredinifera f. lutescens (Batt.) Raynaud 1985; Ophrys tenthredinifera subsp. ficalhoana (J.A.Guim.) M.R.Lowe & D.Tyteca 2000; Ophrys tenthredinifera subsp. guimaraesii D.Tyteca 2000; Ophrys tenthredinifera subsp. praecox D.Tyteca 1985; Ophrys tenthredinifera subsp. villosa (Desfontaines) H. Baumann & Künkele; Ophrys tenthredinifera subvar. choffati (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus 1928; Ophrys tenthredinifera subvar. davei (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus 1928; Ophrys tenthredinifera subvar. serotina (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus 1928; Ophrys tenthredinifera var. lutescens Batt. 1904; Ophrys tenthredinifera var. praecox Rchb.f. ex E.G.Camus in ?; Ophrys tenthredinifera var. serotina J.A.Guim. 1887; Ophrys villosa Desfontaines 1807; Ophrys tetuanensis Pau 1929

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as O arachnites drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 1 1982 photo as O rosea; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 2 1984 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 2 1985 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 11 1985 drawing; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Ophyrs The Bee Orchids of Europe Pederson & Faurholdt 2007; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide;

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