Ophrys umbilicata Desfontaines 1807 Photo courtesy of Th. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part shadeCold LATEWinterandSpring

Common Name The Navel-Like Ophyrs [refers tothe circle on the speculum]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Greece and the surrounding islands, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebeanon, Israel and Jordan as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid as a relatively slender, 4" to 24" [10 to 60 cm] long, 2 to 12 flowered inflorescence that blooms in the late winter and spring.

Synonyms Ophrys carmelii H. Fleischmann & Bornmüller 1923; Ophrys carmeli subsp. orientalis (Renz) Soó 1973; Ophrys cornuta subsp. orientalis Renz 1929; Ophrys dinsmorei Schlechter; Ophrys holoserica subsp. orientalis (Renz) H.Sund, 1975; Ophrys orientalis (Renz) Soó 1932; Ophrys umbilicata subsp. carmeli (H. Fleischmann & Bornmüller) Wood 1983

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 4 1985 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Ophyrs The Bee Orchids of Europe Pederson & Faurholdt 2007

Ophrys umbilicata subsp. bucephala (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Biel 1999;

Part shadeColdSpring

Common Name The Bull-Headed Ophrys

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in southern Albania and the greek Islands of Lesbos, Chios and Samos as well as western Turkey in exposed olive gardens and southern facing roadway slopes as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial where it blooms in the spring on a terminal, [10 to 20 cm] long, 2 to 8 flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Ophrys arachnites var. attica Boiss. & Orphan. 1859; Ophrys attica (Boissier & Orphanides) B.D. Jackson 1926; Ophrys bucephala Gölz & H.R.Reinhard 1989; Ophrys carmeli ssp attica (Boiss. & Orphan.) Renz. 1978; Ophrys conradiae Melki & Deschâtres 1993; Ophrys holoserica subsp. attica (Boiss. & Orph.) H.Sund. 1975; Ophrys khuzestanica (Renz & Taubenheim) P.Delforge 1990; Ophrys sardoa (H.Baumann & al.) Paulus & Gack 1999; Ophrys scolopax subsp attica (Boiss. & Orphan.) E. Nelson; Ophrys scolopax subsp. conradiae (Melki & Deschâtres) H.Baumann & al. 1995; Ophrys scolopax subsp. sardoa H.Baumann & al. 1995; Ophrys umbilicata ssp attica (Boiss.& Orphan.) J.J. Wood. 1983; Ophrys umbilicata subsp. bucephala (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Biel 1999; Ophrys umbilicata subsp. khuzestanica Renz & Taubenheim 1983

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as O conradiae; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as O attica; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as O bucepala; Ophyrs The Bee Orchids of Europe Pederson & Faurholdt 2007

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