Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997 Photo by Merche S. Calle / Juan Enrique Gómez and Wate Magazine Website

Plant in situ Photo courtesy of M.Verhart and the Orchids of France and Europe

FragrancePart sun Cold LATE Springand EARLYSummer

The O coriophora Group

Common Name The Bug-Smelling Coriophora

Flower Size about 5/8" [1.7 cm]

Found in Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, the Balearic Islands, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Aegean Islands, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Israel and Lebanon in full sun in grassy areas, boggy meadows, moorlands, flushed slopes and woodland edges prone to flodding at elevations up to 2500 meters in slightly acidic soil as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid with a robust, pale green stem with 4 to 10 basal, near erect, unmarked, linear to linear-lanceolate, slightly keeled leaves and smaller, clasping cauline leaves almost to the tip of the stem that blooms in the late spring and early summer on a oblong or cylindrical, 1 1/2 to 4 1/2' [45 to 135 cm] long, densly many [15 to 25] flowered inflorescence with fragrant, color variable flowers.

Synonyms Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman 1997, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997; Anteriorchis coriophora (L.) E.Klein & Strack 1989; Anteriorchis coriophora subsp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Jacquet 1997; Herorchis coriophora (L.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Herorchis coriophora subsp. fragrans (Pollini) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Herorchis coriophora subsp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis cimicinus Crantz 1835; Orchis coreosmus St.-Lag. 1880; Orchis coriophora Linne 1753; Orchis coriophora f. alba E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis coriophora f. borosiana Soó 1927; Orchis coriophora f. nana W.Zimm. 1910; Orchis coriophora f. virescens E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis coriophora subsp. carpetana (Willk.) Malag. 1968; Orchis coriophora subsp. cimicina (Arcang.) E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis coriophora subsp. fragrans (Pollini) K.Richt. 1890; Orchis coriophora subsp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Nyman 1882; Orchis coriophora subsp. nervulosa (Sakalo) Soó 1969; Orchis coriophora var. cassidea (M.Bieb.) Nyman 1882; Orchis coriophora var. cibiniensis Schur 1866; Orchis coriophora var. cimicina Arcang. 1894; Orchis coriophora var. czeremossica Zapal. 1906; Orchis coriophora var. dolichoceras Maire 1939; Orchis coriophora var. elongata Maire 1940; Orchis coriophora var. fragrans (Pollini) Boiss. 1842; Orchis coriophora var. latifolia Tinant 1836; Orchis coriophora var. lusciniarum Maire 1939; Orchis coriophora var. major E.G.Camus 1900; Orchis coriophora var. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Gaut. 1867; Orchis coriophora var. odorata Ten. ex Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis coriophora var. polliniana (Spreng.) Pollard 1824; Orchis coriophora var. sennenii A.Camus 1928; Orchis coriophora var. subsancta Balayer 1986; Orchis coriophora var. symphypetala Brot. 1827; Orchis fragrans var. apricorum Duffort 1898 publ. 1899 ;Orchis fragrans var. elongata (Maire) Raynaud 1985; Orchis fragrans var. polliniana (Spreng.) Pollard 1824; Orchis martrinii Timb.-Lagr. 1856; Orchis polliniana Spreng. 1815;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 9 1969; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 3 1982 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 2 1986 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------