Orchis purpurea Hudson 1761

Habitat Photos by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

Another inflorescence Photo courtesy of Pascal Pernot and His Orchids of France and Europe

Part sunCold Spring

O militaris Group

Common Name The Purple Orchis - The Lady Orchid

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

A medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid from Great Britain, Algeria, Spain, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Crimea and Ukraine in short grasslands, garrigue, woodland edges and open woodlands at elevations up to 1800 meters with ellipsoid tubers carrying an erect stem with 3 to 6, oblong to oblong-ovate, glossy leaves that blooms in the spring on a 3 to 6" [7.5 to 15 cm] long, densely many [25 to 200] flowered inflorescence that is cylindrical in shape.

SynonymsOrchis aserica B.Baumann & al. 2003; *Orchis bifolia Linne 1763; Orchis caucasica Regel 1898; Orchis caucasica f. aserica (B.Baumann & al.) P.Delforge 2004; Orchis fusca Jacquin 1776; Orchis fusca var. idiocrana C.Morren 1852; Orchis fusca var. obcordata Wirtg. 1857; Orchis fusca var. rotundata Wirtg. 1857; Orchis fusca var. triangularis Wirtg. 1857; Orchis fuscata Pall. 1776; Orchis hybrida var. jacquinii (Godr.) Nyman 1882; Orchis jacquinii Godr. 1844; Orchis lokiana H.Baumann 1982; Orchis maxima Koch 1847; Orchis militaris Hornem. 1806; Orchis militaris var. fusca (Jacq.) Tinant 1836; Orchis militaris var. purpurea (Huds.) Huds. 1778; Orchis moravica Jacquin 1783; Orchis purpurea f. acutilobata Ruppert 1924; Orchis purpurea f. angustiloba Leimbach 1887; Orchis purpurea f. incisiloba Leimbach 1887; Orchis purpurea f. monstrosa Leimbach 1887; Orchis purpurea f. obtusiloba Leimbach 1887; Orchis purpurea f. rotundiloba Leimbach 1887; Orchis purpurea f. ruppertiana So 1927; Orchis purpurea f. triangularis (Wirtg.) So 1928; Orchis purpurea f. vulgaris Leimbach 1887; Orchis purpurea subsp. caucasica (Regel) B.Baumann & al. 2003; Orchis purpurea subsp. lokiana (H.Baumann) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005; Orchis purpurea subsp. maxima So 1932; Orchis purpurea subsp. moravica (Jacq.) K.Richt. 1890; Orchis purpurea var. amediastina E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis purpurea var. caucasica (Regel) E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis purpurea var. eliasii Sennen & Pau 1903; Orchis purpurea var. moravica (Jacq.) Rchb.f.1851; Orchis purpurea var. moravica (Jacq.) Leimbach 1887; Orchis purpurea var. parallela E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis purpurea var. spathulata E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis purpurea var. tyraica Zapal. 1906; Strateuma grandis Salisb. 1812

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 4 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 5 1983 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 48 No 5 1984 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 1 1985 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 2 1986 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as Orchis lokiana; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 photo

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