Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

Photo by © Philip Wojtas and his Flicker Orchid Photo Site

Side View Photo by © Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

Another Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Pascal Pernot and His Orchids of France and Europe

Part sunColdLATE Winterand Spring

Common Name The Butterfly Anacamptis

Flower Size 1 1/4" [2.75 cm]

Found in Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, the Balearic Islands, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, the eastern Aegean Islands, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania , Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Jordan and Iran in calcareous soils in dry grasslands, shrublands and open forests at elevations of sealevel to 1800 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing erect terrestrial orchid with ovoid or globose tubers carrying a basal rosette of lanceolate to linear-lanceolate acute leaves that blooms in the late winter and spring on a 2 to 3" [5 to 7.5 cm] long, loosely 2 to 8 flowered, erect, angular, reddish towards the apex inflorescence with red tinted, lanceolate bracts carrying showy flowers.

Synonyms Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) H.Kretzschmar 2007; Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. expansa (Ten.) Amard. & Dusak 2005; Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora (Boiss.) Kreutz 2007; Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. messenica (Renz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007; Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007; Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. rubra (Jacq.) Pérez-Chisc. & J.P.Prieto 2011; Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. schirwanica (Woronow) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. 2007; Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. thaliae Kreutz, J.Essink & L.Essink 2009; Anacamptis papilionacea var. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) Kreutz 2007; Anacamptis papilionacea var. nivea F.M.Vázquez 2009; Anacamptis papilionacea var. parviflora (Willk.) F.M.Vázquez 2009; Herorchis papilionacea (L.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Herorchis papilionacea subsp. expansa (Ten.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Herorchis papilionacea subsp. messenica (Renz) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Herorchis papilionacea subsp. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Herorchis papilionacea subsp. schirwanica (Woronow) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis bruhnsiana (Gruner) Mojorov ex Grossh. 1928; Orchis candida A.Terracc. 1910; Orchis caspia Trautv. 1873; Orchis decipiens Tod ?; Orchis expansa Tenore 1829; Orchis heroďca Clarke 1823; Orchis moriopapilionacea Timb.-Lagr. 1854; *Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759; Orchis papilionacea f. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2007; Orchis papilionacea f. grandiflora (Boiss.) Maire 1931; Orchis papilionacea f. morgetiana (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2007; Orchis papilionacea f. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2007; Orchis papilionacea f. rosea (Alleiz.) Maire & Weiller 1959; Orchis papilionacea f. rubra (Jacq.) Soo 1928; Orchis papilionacea subsp. alibertis G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar 2001; Orchis papilionacea subsp. balcanica H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005; Orchis papilionacea subsp. bruhnsiana (Gruner) Soó ?; Orchis papilionacea subsp. expansa (Ten.) Guadagno 1924; Orchis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora (Boiss.) Malag. 1969; Orchis papilionacea subsp. heroica (E.D.Clarke) H.Baumann 1986; Orchis papilionacea subsp. messenica (Renz) Kreutz 2005; Orchis papilionacea subsp. palaestina B.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005; Orchis papilionacea subsp. rubra (Jacquin) Sundermann 1968; Orchis papilionacea subsp. schirwanica (Woronow) Soó 1928; Orchis papilionacea var. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge 2004; Orchis papilionacea var. bruhnsiana Gruner 1867; Orchis papilionacea var. decipiens (Bianca) Nyman 1882; Orchis papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) Lindl. 1835; Orchis papilionacea var. grandiflora Boiss. 1842; Orchis papilionacea var. heroďca (Clarke) Delforge 1991; Orchis papilionacea var. major E.G.Camus 1900; Orchis papilionacea var. messenica Renz 1928; Orchis papilionacea var. minimus E.G.Camus 1921; Orchis papilionacea var. morgetiana H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005; Orchis papilionacea var. parviflora Willk. 1861; Orchis papilionacea var. rosea Alleiz. 1923; Orchis papilionacea var. rubra (Jacq.) Lindl. 1835; Orchis papilionacea var. vexillifera Terraciano 1910; Orchis rubra var. expansa (Ten.) Lindl. 1835; Orchis schirwanica Woronow 1909; Vermeulenia caspia (Trautv.) Á.Löve & D.Löve 1972; Vermeulenia papilionacea (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve 1972; Vermeulenia papilionacea f. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2009; Vermeulenia papilionacea f. morgetiana (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2009; Vermeulenia papilionacea f. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge 2009; Vermeulenia papilionacea f. rubra (Jacq.) P.Delforge 2011; Vermeulenia papilionacea var. aegaea P.Delforge 2010; Vermeulenia papilionacea var. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge 2009; Vermeulenia papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) P.Delforge 2010; Vermeulenia papilionacea var. grandiflora (Boiss.) Szlach. 2001; Vermeulenia papilionacea var. messenica (Renz) P.Delforge 2009; Vermeulenia papilionacea var. vexillifera (Terraciano) P.Delforge 2009

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 2 1984 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

~Orchis papilionacea f. grandiflora (Boiss.) Maire in É.Jahandiez & al. 1931 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea f. rosea (Alleiz.) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea subsp. alibertis G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar 2001 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea subsp. bruhnsiana (Gruner) Soó in ? - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea subsp. expansa (Tenore) Raynaud 1985 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

Photo courtesy of Pascal Pernot and His Orchids of France and Europe

Part sunCool to Cold LATE Winterand Spring

O papilionacea Group

Common NameThe Large Flowered Orchis

Flower Size 1 1/4" [2.75 cm]

Found in Sicily, Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, Algeria and Morocco as a small sized, cold growing, terrestrial orchid with ovoid or globose tubers carrying a basal rosette of lanceolate to linear-lanceolate acute leaves that blooms in the late winter and spring on a laxly to densly few flowered, erect, angular reddish towards the apex inflorescence carrying showy flowers .

Synonyms Herorchis papilionacea subsp. expansa (Ten.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; *Orchis expansa Tenore 1829; Orchis papilionacea f. grandiflora (Boiss.) Maire 1931; Orchis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora (Boissier) H. Baumann 1969; Orchis papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) Lindl. 1835; Orchis papilionacea var. grandiflora Boissier 1842; Orchis rubra Jacquin 1781;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 2 1986 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as Orchis papilionacea var. grandiflora Boissier 1842; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 2 2007 photo

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~Orchis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora (Boissier) H. Baumann 1969 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea subsp. heroica (E.D.Clarke) H.Baumann 1986 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea subsp. rubra (Jacquin) Sundermann 1968 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea var. bruhnsiana Gruner 1867 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea var. cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barrette) P.Delforge 2000 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) Lindl. 1835 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea var. grandiflora Boissier 1842 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea var. heroďca (Clarke) Delforge 1991 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea var. major E.G.Camus 1900- See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea var. parviflora Willk. in H.M.Willkomm & J.M.C.Lange 1861 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea var. rosea Alleiz. 1923 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

~Orchis papilionacea var. rubra (Jacq.) Lindl. 1835 - See Orchis papilionacea Linne 1759

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