Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

Photo courtesy of Th. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part sun Cold Springand EARLY Summer

O mascula Group

Common Name Spitzel's Orchis [German Botanist 1800's]

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Morocco, Algeria, Spain, France, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Syria and Lebanon as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid found in beech, pine, fir and oak woodlands on calcareous soils at elevations of sea level to 1800 meters with tinted brownish red, slendre stems carrying 2 to 7, basal, oval-lanceolate, spreading to near erect, unmarked leaves and 1 to 3, smaller, clasping cauline ones above that blooms in the spring and early summer with 10 to 20 flowers in a rather cylindrical, dense inflorescence.

Synonyms Androrchis prisca (Hautz.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Androrchis spitzelii (Saut. ex W.D.J.Koch) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Androrchis spitzelii subsp. latiflora (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) W.Foelsche & Jakely 2009; Androrchis spitzelii subsp. teschneriana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) W.Foelsche & Jakely 2009; Barlia prisca (Hautz.) Szlach. 2001; Barlia spitzelii (Saut. ex W.D.J.Koch) Szlach. 2001; Orchis bungii Hautz. 1978; Orchis maireana G.Keller 1932; Orchis mrkvickana Velen. 1922; Orchis orientalis (Rchb. f.) Richter?; Orchis orientalis (Rchb.f.) Klinge 1898; Orchis patens f. orientalis (Rchb.f.) E.G.Camus 1908; Orchis patens subsp. falcicalcarata Wildh. 1974; Orchis patens subsp. nitidifolia W.P.Teschner 1975; Orchis patens subsp. orientalis (Rchb. f.) Ascherson & Graebner 1890; Orchis patens subsp. spitzelii (Saut. ex Koch) Lve & Kjellqvist 1973; Orchis patens var. atlantica Battandier & Trabut 1884; Orchis patens var. asiatica Renz; Orchis patens var. fontanesii Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis patens var. spitzelii Fiori & Paoletti; Orchis patens var. orientalis Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis patens var. viridifusca (Albov) So in G.Keller & al. 1932; Orchis prisca Hautz. 1976; Orchis spitzelii f. sendtneri Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis spitzelii subsp. cazorlensis (Lacaita) D.Rivera & Lopez Velez 1987; Orchis spitzelii var. gotlandica Petterson 1940; Orchis spitzelii subsp. latiflora B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005; Orchis spitzelii subsp. nitidifolia (W.P.Teschner) So 1978; Orchis spitzelii subsp. teschneriana B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005; Orchis spitzelii var. sendtneri Rchb. f.; Orchis viridi-fusca Albov. 1895

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchid Digest Vol 49 No 3 1985 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 1 1986 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as Orchis bungii; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as Orchis prisca; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005