Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

Photo courtesy of Pascal Pernot and His Orchids of France and Europe

Fragrance Part shade Cold Springand Summer

O tridentata Group

Common Name The Burnt Red Orchis

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in Great Britain, Sweden, Spain, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine and most all of Russia and western Siberia as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid found at elevations up to 2400 meters with erect stems carrying 2 to 3, basal in a rosette, oblong, unmarked leaves with 1 to 2 apical bract-like leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on an 2" [5 cm] long, densly many flowered oblong inflorescence with membraneous, reddish bracts that are shorter than the ovaries and carries slightly fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Neotinea ustulata subsp. aestivalis (Kümpel) Jacquet & Scappat. 2003; Neotinea ustulata var. aestivalis (Kümpel) Tali, M.F.Fay & R.M.Bateman 2006; Odontorchis ustulata (L.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis amoena Crantz 1769; Orchis columnae Schmidt 1791; Orchis hyemalis Raf. 1817; Orchis imbricata Vest. 1824; Orchis parviflora Willd. 1895; Orchis ustulata Linne 1753; Orchis ustulata f. elongata Zapal. 1906; Orchis ustulata f. emarginata Zapal. 1906; Orchis ustulata f. emarginata (Zapal.) Soó 1928; Orchis ustulata f. grandiflora Gaudin 1825; Orchis ustulata f. integriloba (Sabr.) Soó 1928; Orchis ustulata f. leopoliensis (Zapal.) Soó 1928; Orchis ustulata f. leopoliensis (Zapal.) Pauca 1972; Orchis ustulata lusus integriloba Sabr. 1906; Orchis ustulata subsp. aestivalis (Kümpel) Kümpel & A.C.Mrkvicka 1990; Orchis ustulata var. aestivalis Kümpel 1988; Orchis ustulata var. emarginata Zapal. 1906; Orchis ustulata var. integriloba (Sabr.) Sabr. 1908; Orchis ustulata var. leopoliensis Zapal. 1906; Orchis ustulata var. major Waisb. 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list as Neotinea ustulata, IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Orchis ustulata; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Orchis ustulata drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 2 1986 photo; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 2 2007 photo

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