Oreorchis foliosa (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859 Photo by Ngawang Gyeltshen

Common Name or Meaning The Leafy Oreorchis - In China Nang Chun Shan Lan

Flower Size .25 to 4" [.6 cm to 1 cm]

Found in the western Himalayas, Assam, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Myanmar, China and Taiwan in open meadows in dappled shade and on cliff sides at elevations of 2500 to 4500 meters as a medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with corm-like pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, narrowing below into the short petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring and summer on an erect, 12" [30 cm] long, densely to 10 flowered inflorescence enveloped in the lower half by tubular bracts with the flowers all held in the apical portion.

The species epiteth foliosa was applied when the species was in the genera Corralorhiza which has no leaves so then it was moved to Oreorchis. All Oreorchis have leaves, Corallorhiza do not.

Synonyms *Corallorhiza foliosa Lindl. 1840; Kitigorchis foliosa (Lindl.) Maek 1971; Oreorchis foliosa var. indica (Lindl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1996;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing good; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as O indica drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as O indica; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #13 753 - 819 Liparinae 1983; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991 drawing ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 25 1520 - 1584 Brieger 1991 as O indica; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 44-45 pg 2763 - 2898 Brieger 2001 photo fide; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 as O indica photos fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as O foliosa var indica; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok