Pachyphyllum hispidulum (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1965 SECTION Orchidotypus

Photos by Alexander Hirtz

Plant and Flowers Photo by Franco Pupulin.

Full Shade cold Spring THROUGHSpring

Common Name The Shaggy Pachyphyllum

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in upper montane cloud forest and disturbed primary cloud forests at elevations of 2600 to 3200 meters as a small sized, cold and pendant growing epiphyte with weak, basally branching stems enveloped by leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying fleshy, distichous, falcate-lanceolate to elliptic, rough and pointy surfaced, acute, diminishing in size towards the apex, basally clasping leaves to the hispidulous, sheaths with a pair of stipule-like appendages on each side of the articulation that blooms in the spring through summer on an axillary, 1 to 3 flowered inflorescence with minute flowers.

Synonyms *Aeranthes hispidula Rchb.f. 1876; Campylocentrum hispidulum (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1903; Dichaea microscopica Kraenzl. 1923; Fernandezia hispidula (Rchb.f.) M.W.Chase 2011; Orchidotypus hispidulus (Rchb.f.) Senghas 1995; Orchidotypus muscoides Kraenzl. 1906; Orchidotypus vareschii Foldats 1957; Pachyphyllum muscoides (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Peru Vol 4 Schweinfurth 1961 as P muscoides; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicaum Plate 1476 Mora & Atwood 1992 drawing ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 31 1905 - 1976 Brieger 1995 as Orchidotypus hispidulus; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1997; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas de Zamora Chinchipe Tomo 1 Epidendroideae Jimenez Hijo 2014