!Panisea demissa (D. Don) Pfitzer 1907

TYPE for the genus

Photo By Eric Hunt and his Orchid Photo Website.

Plant and Flowers Photo courtesy of Dale and Deni Borders.

Part shade CoolColdFall

Common Name The Humble Panisea - In China Ai Qu Chun Lan

Flower Size .4 to .45" [1 to 1.2 cm]

A miniature sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte from the eastern Himalayas, Assam, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, southern China and Vietnam at elevations of 1500 to 3300 meters with close set, narrowly ovoid to ovoid pseudobulbs carrying 1 to 2, lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, plicate, acute, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, decurved, laxly 5 to 8 flowered, slender, 1.2 to 1.8" [3 to 4.5 cm] long, racemose inflorescence that is basally sheathed and has ovate, acute membraneous, persistent floral bracts all arising on a new growth.

I am not sure of this determination. Seidenfaden states that it is a 2 flowered inflorescence and it does not match the drawing at all and the flower should be wide open with spread sepals. But he also says that his determination may be wrong and it does not match Pfitzer's drawing which I have not seen. The drawing from The Flora of China agrees well with this determination.

Synonyms Coelogyne parviflora Lindl. 1833; *Dendrobium demissum D. Don 1825; Panisea parviflora (Lindl.) Lindl. 1854; Panisea reflexa Lindl. 1854

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as P parviflora drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide

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