Paphiopedilum javanicum (Reinw. ex Blume) Pfitzer 1888

SUBGENUS Sigmatopetalum SECTION Barbata SUBSECTION Chloroneura

P javanicum var virens Photos by Jen Modiszewski and The North American Orchid Conservation Center Website

and

Common Name The Java Paphiopedilum

Flower Size 3 to 4" [7.5 to 10 cm]

Found in Java and Borneo in hill and montane forests in fine-grained volcanic rock, boulder strewn slopes and in boulder crevasses in deep shade at elevations of 750 to 1900 meters as a small sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with narrowly elliptic or elliptic oblong, pale and dark green mottled, minutely bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a mottled pale green and crimson, erect,, to 12" [to 30 cm] long, single flowered [rarely 2] inflorescence with an elliptic, pale green spotted purple floral bract that has ciliate margins and midvein.

Any open mix will do in a pot if given warm to cool temperatures, high humidity and moderate shade. Likes to be cramped in it's pot, so keep the pot small.

Synonyms Cordula javanica Rolfe 1912; Cordula virens Rolfe 1912; *Cypripedium javanicum Reinw. ex Blume 1823; *Cypripedium virens Rchb. f. 1863; Paphiopedilum javanicum f. nymphenburgianum (Roeth & O.Gruss) P.J.Cribb 1998; Paphiopedilum javanicum var. nymphenburgianum Roeth & O.Gruss 1997; Paphiopedilum javanicum var. virens (Rchb.f.) Stein 1892; Paphiopedilum purpurascens Fowlie 1974

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Cypripedium javanicum; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Cypripedium javanicumdrawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchid Digest Vol 34 #3 1970 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 3 1980 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 1 1981 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 3 1981 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 48 no 5 1984 as P virens drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 49 No 4 1985 as P virensdrawing fide; Orchid Digest 51 Vol 4 1987 photo fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Borneo Vol 1 Chan, Lamb, Shim & Wood 1994 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 59 No 3 1995 photo fide; The Genus Paphiopedilum vol 1 Braem 1998; The Genus Paphiopedilum vol 2 Braem 1999; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000 as P javanicum var virens; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 3 2009; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo fide The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011; Orchid Digest Vol 76 #4 2012 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 76 #4 2012 as P javanicum var virens photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2016 as Cypripedium javanucum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #6 2016 as P virens photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #8 2019 photo fide;

Paphiopedilum javanicum var album Photos courtesy of Lourens Grobler

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 6 2000 photo as P javanicum var javanicum f nymphenburgianum

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