Paphiopedilum javanicum (Reinw. ex Blume) Pfitzer 1888

SUBGENUS Sigmatopetalum SECTION Barbata SUBSECTION Chloroneura Photo by Lourens Grobler

and

Common Name The Java Paphiopedilum

Flower Size 3 to 4" [7.5 to 10 cm]

Found as a small sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial occuring in Java and Borneo in hill and montane forests in fine-grained volcanic rock, boulder strewn slopes and in boulder crevasses in deep shade at elevations of 750 to 1900 meters with narrrowly elliptic or elliptic oblong, pale and dark green mottled, minutely bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a mottled pale green and crimson, erect, single flowered [rarely 2], to 12" [to 30 cm] long inflorescence with an elliptic, pale green spotted purple floral bract that has ciliate margins and midvein.

Any open mix will do in a pot if given warm to cool temperatures, high humidity and moderate shade. Likes to be cramped in it's pot, so keep the pot small.

Synonyms Cordula javanica Rolfe 1912; Cordula virens Rolfe 1912; *Cypripedium javanicum Reinw. ex Blume 1823; *Cypripedium virens Rchb. f. 1863; Paphiopedilum javanicum f. nymphenburgianum (Roeth & O.Gruss) P.J.Cribb 1998; Paphiopedilum javanicum var. nymphenburgianum Roeth & O.Gruss 1997; Paphiopedilum javanicum var. virens (Rchb.f.) Stein 1892; Paphiopedilum purpurascens Fowlie 1974

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Cypripedium javanicum; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Cypripedium javanicumdrawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 3 1980 phot ofide; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 1 1981 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 3 1981 photo fide; Orchid Digest 51 Vol 4 1987 photo fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993 photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Borneo Vol 1 Chan, Lamb, Shim & Wood 1994 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 59 No 3 1995 photo fide; The Genus Paphiopedilum vol 1 Braem 1998; The Genus Paphiopedilum vol 2 Braem 1999; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000 as P javanicum var virens; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 3 2009; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 1 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo fide The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011

Paphiopedilum javanicum var album Photos courtesy of Lourens Grobler

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 6 2000 photo as P javanicum var javanicum f nymphenburgianum

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