Paphiopedilum vietnamense O. Gruss & Perner 1999 SUBGENUS Parvisepalum Karasawa & Saito 1982 Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website.

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Dr Clark Riley

to LATE and EARLY

Common NameThe Vietnamese Paphiopedilum

Flower Size 4 to 4 3/4" [10 to 12 cm]

Found only in northern Vietnam as the most range restricted species in Vietnam with an area of less than 200 square miles and is a warm to cool growing lithophyte or rare terrestrial in seasonally wet, primary, evergreen, broadleafed forests on shady vertical limestone bluffs, cliffs and on tops of mountain ridges of northern and northwestern exposure at elevation of 350 to 550 meters often in mossy clumps or partially shaded rock crevices. This orchid has 3 to 5, distichous, coriaceous-leathery, ovate to oblong-elliptic, obtuse and unequally bilobed apically leaves that below are heavily violet spotted, and strongly keeled, and above with fine white to deep green tesselation. Most typical habitats are narrow shelves below overhanging bluffs and the orchid survives a 4 to 5 month dry period during the cooler winter. The erect, 1 to 2 flowered, 6" to 10" [15-25 cm] long, purple violet or purple brown with dense white or light brown haired inflorescence arising from a broadly ovate, acute, pilose, conduplicate floral bract occurs in the late winter and early spring.

Synonyms Paphiopedilum hilamari Sengh. & Schlechter 1999; Paphiopedilum mirabile Cavestro & Chiron 1999; Paphiopedilum vietnamense f. album O.Gruss & Koop. 2008

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Oasis Vol 1 No 2 2000 photo; Oasis Vol 1 No 3 2000 photo; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000 as P hilmarii photo fide; ; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 5 2003 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 68 No 5 2003 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 4 2004 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 3 2008 phot as P vietnamense f album; Orchids of Vietnam, Illustrated survey, part 1 Averyanov 2008; Orchid Digest Vol 73 No 1 2009 photo; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide;

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