Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi [Breda] Blume & Rchb.f. 1860 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Polychilos [Breda] Rchb.f 1864

Side View of Flower Photos by Art Vogel

FragrancePart shadeWarm to HotMOSTLY Springto Fall

Common Name Deer Antlered Phalaenopsis - In Thailand - Ueang ma lai suea - Khao Kwang On

Flower Size 1 to 2" [3 to 5 cm]

Found in India, Myanamar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Nicobar Islands, Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Sumatra, and the Philippines as a small sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte or lithophyte of exposed lowland locations on stunted vegetation in fairly exposed areas or in dense riverine or lowland forests with heavy dews high up in the canopy at elevations of 200 to 1000 meters with a distinct dry spell in winter, with a short stem enveloped by imbricating leaf bases carrying fleshy, oblong-ligulate to oblong-oblanceolate, obtuse leaves that blooms on a lateral, 4 to 18" [9 to 42 cm] long, rachis branched and flattened, racemose or paniculate, many [7 to 12] flowered inflorescence with small bracts arranged in two rows, and having fragrant, long-lasting, fleshy flowers it can bloom at any time of year but especially from spring till autumn. The flattened, flexuous, winged inforescence with ovate cucullate bracts has sequential flowers that can reappear at a later time, so, keep the inflorescence as long as it is green. This species can be mounted or potted with coarse free draining medium with semi-shade, high humidity, and hot to cool temperatures.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi f. sanguinea Christenson 2001 ; Phalaenopsis de-vriesiana Rchb. f. 1860; Phalaenopsis lamelligera Sweet 1969; *Polychilos cornu-cervi Breda 1827; Polychilos hieroglyphica (Rchb. f.) Shim 1982; Polychilos lamillegera [Sweet] Shim 1982; Polystylus cornu-cervi Hasselt ex Hassk. 1855

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862 as P devrieseana; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing, photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 drawing; Orchid Digest Vol 36 No 5 1972 photo fide; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 3 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 8 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 1 1983 photo; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Die Orchideen lieferung 19/20 Schlechter/Brieger 1988 drawing fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 19/20 Schlechter/Brieger 1988 as P thalbanii; Die Orchideen lieferung 19/20 Schlechter/Brieger 1988 as P lamelligera; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo good; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing ok; Orchids of Borneo Vol 1 Chan, Lamb, Shim & Wood 1994 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beeman & Wood 2001 photo fide; Phaleanopsis, A Monograph EA Christenson 2001 drawing/photo; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 2 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 5 2004 drawing; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo as P cornu cervi f chattaladeae; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo as P cornu cervi var rubescens; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 3 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide

Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi f. flava [Braem] Christ 2001 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Polychilos [Breda] Rchb.f 1864 Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page.

A yellow form of the previous species.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi var. flava Braem ex Holle-De Raeve 1990

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Phaleanopsis, A Monograph EA Christenson 2001;

Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi f. thalebanii [Seiden] E. A. Christensen 2001 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Polychilos [Breda] Rchb.f 1864 Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page.

Common Name Thaleban's Phalaenopsis [A region in Northern Thailand]

Found in northern Thailand and is a color variety of the previous species.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis thalebanii Seidenf. 1908

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Phaleanopsis, A Monograph EA Christenson 2001;

Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi [Breda] Blume & Rchb.f. 1860 var alba SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Polychilos [Breda] Rchb.f 1864 Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt, plant grown by Scott Dallas of White Oak Orchids

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to MOSTLY to

A white variety of the previous species.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 8 1980 photo

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