Phalaenopsis violacea Witte 1861 SUBGENUS Polychilos SECTION Amboinenses Sweet 1968 Photo by Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page

Common Name The Violet Phalaenopsis

Flower Size 1.4" [3.5 cm]

Found in the Malaya peninsula and the Indonesian island of Sumatra at elevations around 150 meters as a small to medium sized, hot growing, pendulous epiphyte with a very short stem carrying 3 to 4, elliptical, obtuse, undulate gradually narrowing below into the basally clasping leaves that varies from P bellina by being smaller leafed and with smaller flowers, as well as being easier to cross breed but the results are not as good as with P bellina which is a reluctant breeder from Borneo. P violaceae has extremely fragrant flowers occuring in the spring that are borne one by one in succession on a pendant, stout, jointed, fractiflex, 4 to 5 " [10 to 12.5 cm] long inflorescence with a flattened, zigzag rachis with several [2 to 7], successive flowers with 2 to 3 open at any one time

This species is used to give fragrance in the hybridizing of Phalaeenopsis. This species requires deep shade and high humidity as well as being watered regularly and should never be allowed to dry out completely.

Synonyms Phalaenopsis violacea f. coerulea Christenson 2001; Phalaenopsis violacea f. alba (Teijsm. & Binn.) Christenson 2001; Phalaenopsis violacea subvar. alba (Teijsm. & Binn.) A.H.Kent 1891; Phalaenopsis violacea var. alba Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 ; Polychilos violacea (hort. ex H. Witte) Shim 1982; Stauritis violacea [Witte] Rchb.f 1862; Stauropsis violacea Rchb. f. 1862;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862 as Stauropsis violacea; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 in part photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 1 1969 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 9 1970 photo; Orchid Digest No 36 No 1 1972 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 38 no 3 1974 photo fide; The Genus Phalaenopsis Sweet 1980 drawing/photo fide; The Genus Phalaenopsis Sweet 1980 as P violacea var alba photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 3 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 7 1983 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 photo; Die Orchideen lieferung 19/20 Schlechter/Brieger 1988 as Malaya type; Orchid Species Culture "P" Bakers 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; Phalaenopsis, A Monograph EA Christenson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 8 2008 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 1 2009 photo; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide

Phalaenopsis violacea f. alba (Teijsm. & Binn.) Christenson 2001 Photo by Rogier van Vugt and his P Base Orchid Photo Page

Phalaenopsis violacea f coerulea Christ 2001

Plant and Flowers Photo by Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page

A blue colored variety of the previous species.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Phalaenopsis A Monograph E A Christenson 2001 AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo

Phalaenopsis violacea Witte var Malaysia Photo by Peter Zerche and His Website

Phalaenopsis violacea var. Mentawai H.Witte 1861

Plant and Flowers Photos courtesy of Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Phalaenopsis vesta H.J.Veitch, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 15: 343 (1894

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