!Phragmipedium caudatum [Lindley] Rolfe 1896

SECTION Phragmipedium

Plant ensitu Near Macchu Picchu Peru 5/2000 Photos by Jay Pfahl

Plant and Flowers

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Joseph Dougherty

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Common Name The Tailed Phragmipedium [refers to the long petals]

Flower Size 2 1/2' yes feet with the long petals [to 75 cm]

Found from Mexico, Guatemala, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela, this large sized species is a robust, caespitose, fan-shaped, cool to warm growing lithophyte, terrestrial or epiphyte with no psuedobulbs of open, fully exposed, grassy slopes, cliff faces, or humus soil at elevations of 800 to 2500 meters with imbricate, conduplicate leaf-bearing sheaths carrying ligulate, leathery, distichous, 3 to 4 pairs, basally imbricating, glabrous, dark green conduplicate below into the base leaves and blooms from winter through summer with long lasting, simultaneously opening flowers on a sub-erect, terminal, to 2' [60 cm] long, 3 to 6 flowered, racemose inflorecence that is just longer than the leaves and has a large leafy basal bract and several prominent tubular bracts.

Synonyms *Cypripedium caudatum Lindley 1840; Cypripedium elatum Poit. ex Perr. 1825; Paphiopedilum caudatum [Lindley] Pfitz. 1880; Phragmipedium humboldtii (Warsz. ex Rchb.f.) J.T.Atwood & Dressler 1998 publ. 1999; Phragmopedilum caudatum (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1903; Phragmipedium caudatum f. albertianum (Linden) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007; Selenipedium caudatum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1854; Selenipedium caudatum var. albertianum Linden 1888; Uropedium lindenii Lindl. 1846

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Uropedium lindenii; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as Uropedium lindenii; Boplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Selenipedium caudatum; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Uropedium lindenii; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as Uropedium lindenii drawing; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Uropedium lindenii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum caudatum photo fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum caudatum var albertianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum caudatum var giganteum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum caudatum var seegerianum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Selenipedium caudatum drawing fide; The Orchids of Panama L.O.Williamds & P. Allen 1946; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 6 1970 as Paphiopedilum caudatum; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing ok; Orchid Digest Vol 36 No 2 1972 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 9 1978 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo fide; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 3 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 11 1981 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 9 1983 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 4 1986 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 152 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 10 1995 photo; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 photo; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 6 1998 photo; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 2 1999 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 12 2000 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 11 2002 drawing; Australian Orchid Review Vol 68 No 4 2003 photo; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 2 2004; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 4 2004 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 5 2004 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 6 2004/5 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 11 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 2 2005 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 2 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 10 2006 photo; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide

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