Phragmipedium longifolium [Warsc. & Rchb.f]Rolfe 1896 SECTION Lorifolia

Plant in situ Ecuador

Plant and flowers in situ Ecuador Photos by Lourens Grobler

Lip Detail Photo by Jay Pfahl

Another Clone Photo courtesy of Joseph Dougherty

Part shadeWarm to Cool MOSTLY Fall

Common Name The Long-Leaf Phragmipedium

Flower Size 8" [20 cm]

Found from Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador on roadside banks and in humid arroyos at elevations of 600 to 1700 meters as a medium to large sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial or lithophyte occuring in shaded or open rocky areas with thin soil near streams or seepage areas with very short stems with imbricate, distichous, conduplicate, leaf-bearing sheaths carrying several, linear-lanceolate, dark green above, pale green below, arcuate, acuminate, conduplicate from the middle to the base leaves with the lower leaves being shorter than the rest that blooms on an erect, 24 to 36" [60 to 90 cm] long, pubescent, deep purple or green, terminal, to racemose, several flowered inflorescence that has 3 sterile, distichous, compressed, linear bracts with the 7 to 9 flowers opening in succession and occuring mostly in the fall but it is possible at almost any time of the year.

Synonyms Cypripedium dariense Rchb. f. 1878; Cypripedium hincksianum Rchb.f 1878; *Cypripedium longifolium Warsc & Rchb.f 1852; Cypripedium longifolium var. gracile H.J.Veitch ex Rolfe in ?; Cypripedium reichenbachianum hort. 1887; Cypripedium reichenbachii W. Bull 1869; Cypripedium roezlii Regel 1873; Paphiopedilum hinksianum Pfitz 1894; Paphiopedilum longifolium Pfitz 1888; Paphiopedilum longifolium var. hartwegii (Rchb.f.) Stein 1892; Paphiopedilum longifolium var. hincksianum (Rchb.f.) Stein 1892; Phragmipedium dariense (Rchb.f.) Garay 1979; Phragmipedium hincksianum [Rchb.f] Garay 1979; Phragmipedium longifolium f. album O.Gruss & Koop. 2006; Phragmipedium longifolium f. gracile (H.J.Veitch ex Rolfe) O.Gruss 2001; Phragmipedium longifolium f. minutum O.Gruss 2001; Phragmipedium longifolium var. chapadense (Campacci & R.Takase) O.Gruss 2003; Phragmipedium longifolium var. coloratum (Rchb.f.) Pfitzer 1903; Phragmipedium longifolium var. darienense (Rchb.f.) Hallier f. 1897; Phragmipedium longifolium var. gracile (H.J.Veitch) Pfitzer 1903; ; Phragmipedium longifolium var. hincksianum (Rchb.f.) Stein 1892; Phragmipedium longifolium var. splendidum (Pucci) Pfitzer 1903; Phragmopedilum hartwegii (Rchb. f.) Pfitzer 1903;; Phragmopedilum longifolium (Rchb. f. & Warsz.) Pfitzer 1898; Selenipedium dariense Rchb.f 1869; Selenipedium gracile (H.J.Veitch) Desbois 1889; Selenipedium hincksianum Rchb. f. 1878; Selenipedium longifolium Rchb.f 1854; Selenipedium reichenbachii Endres 1869;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 drawing; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Selenipedium hartwegii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum hartwegii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum longifolium; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum longifolium var coloratum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum longifolium var dariense; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum longifolium var gracile; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum longifolium var hinksianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum longifolium var roezlii; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Phragmopedilum longifolium var splendidum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Selenipedium longifolium var roezlii drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as Phragmopedilum hartwegii drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as Phragmopedilum longifolium var roezlii drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as P hartwegii; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 2 1966 photo as P longifolium var hartwegii; Orchid Digest Vol 37 No 3 1973 as P longifolium var roezlii photo fide; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 as P hartwegii; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 202 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 8 1981 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 11 1981; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 6 1984 photo; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 3 COS 1991 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 11 1992 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 9 1993; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 drawing fide; photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 6 1996 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000 as P dariense; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000 as P hincksianum; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000 as P roezlii; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 5 2004 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 10 2005 photo; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 3 2008 as P longifolium f album; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------