Platanthera integra (Nutt.) A.Gray ex L.C.Beck 1848


Photos by Jim Fowler and his P-Base Orchid North American Orchid Website

Flower Closeup

Photo by Carl Luer


Common Name or Meaning The Complete Rimmed Platanthera [refers to the fringeless lip] - The Yellow Fringeless Orchis

Flower Size .2 to .25" [5 to 6 mm]

Found in New Jersey, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas in the coastal plains in open wet meadows, seeps and damp pine flatwoods as a small to large sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid with 1 to 2, rarely 3, cauline, lanceolate, keeled, basally clasping leaves rapidly decreasing in size into bracts towards the apex that blooms in the summer and early fall on a terminal, racemose, to 24" [to 60 cm] long, densely 30 to 65 flowered inflorescence with green, lanceolate, slighly shorter than the ovary floral bracts and carrying honey-scented flowers.

Synonyms Gymnadenia flava Lindl. 1835; Gymnadeniopsis integra (Nutt.) Rydb. 1901; Habenaria crocea (Raf.) Raf. 1832; Habenaria elliottii L.C.Beck 1833; Habenaria integra (Nutt.) Spreng. 1826; Orchis crocea Raf. 1832; *Orchis integra Nutt. 1818; Perularia flava (Lindl.) Schltr. 1919

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 4 Ames 1910 as Habenaria integra; Native Orchids of North America Correll 1950 as Habenaria integra drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1971 as Gymnadeniopsis integra; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photos fide; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; Wild Orchids of the SE USA P M Brown 2004; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #10 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #7 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #8 2011 photo fide;