Platanthera integra (Nutt.) A.Gray ex L.C.Beck 1848

Inflorescence Photos by Jim Fowler and his P-Base Orchid North American Orchid Website

Flower Closeup Photo by Carl Luer

to and EARLY

Common Name or Meaning The Complete Rimmed Platanthera [refers to the fringeless lip] - The Yellow Fringeless Orchis

Flower Size .2 to .25" [5 to 6 mm]

Found in New Jersey, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas in the coastal plains in open wet meadows, seeps and damp pine flatwoods as a small to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with 1 to 2, rarely 3, cauline, lanceolate, keeled, conduplicate leaves that rapidly decrease in size to bracts towards the inflorescence that blooms in the summer and early fall on a terminal, racemose, to 24" [to 60 cm] long, densely 30 to 65 flowered inflorescence carrying honey-scented flowers.

Synonyms Gymnadenia flava Lindl. 1835; Gymnadeniopsis integra (Nutt.) Rydb. 1901; Habenaria crocea (Raf.) Raf. 1832; Habenaria elliottii L.C.Beck 1833; Habenaria integra (Nutt.) Spreng. 1826; Orchis crocea Raf. 1832; *Orchis integra Nutt. 1818; Perularia flava (Lindl.) Schltr. 1919

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 4 Ames 1910 as Habenaria integra; Native Orchids of North America Correll 1950 as Habenaria integra drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1971 as Gymnadeniopsis integra; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photos fide; Wild Orchids of the SE USA P M Brown 2004

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