Platanthera mandarinorum Rchb.f. 1852

Plant and Flowers Photos by Natsui and his Japanese Flower Photo Website

Inflorescence Photos by Jeff Hapeman and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Common Name The Mandarin Platanthera [refers to being found in China] - in Japan Anbo-tonbo - In China Wei Ban Che Chun Lan

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in far eastern Russia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guanxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan China, Korea, Japan and Taiwan in montane to subalpine forests on exposed northern facing slopes at elevations of 800 meters and above as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with erect, slender stems carrying 1 to rarely 2, lower, large, elliptic, oblong, acute, amplexicaul and clasping below leaves and 2 to 4, smaller, bract-like, lanceolate leaves above that blooms in the spring on an erect, 2.4 to 8.8" [6 to 22 cm] long, 7 to 20 flowered, racemose inflorescence with lanceolate bracts carrying fragrant flowers

Synonyms Habenaria japonica var. montana Miq. 1866; *Habenaria mandarinorum (Rchb.f.) Herklots 1939; Habenaria pachyglossa (Hayata) Masam. 1968; Platanthera amamiana Ohwi 1937; Platanthera anboensis Masam. 1965; Platanthera cornu-bovis Nevski 1935; Platanthera delavayi Schltr. 1911; Platanthera mandarinorum f. brachycentron (Franch. & Sav.) M.Hiroe 1971; Platanthera mandarinorum f. elongatocalcarata Koidz. 1930; Platanthera mandarinorum subsp. formosana T.P.Lin & K.Inoue 1980; Platanthera mandarinorum subsp. hachijoensis (Honda) Murata 1966; Platanthera mandarinorum subsp. pachyglossa (Hayata) T.P.Lin & K.Inoue 1980; Platanthera mandarinorum subsp. winkleriana (Schltr.) So 1929; Platanthera mandarinorum var. amamiana (Ohwi) K.Inoue 1982; Platanthera mandarinorum var. brachycentron (Franch. & Sav.) Koidz. ex K.Inoue 1982; Platanthera mandarinorum var cornu-bovis [Nevski] Kitag 1979; Platanthera mandarinorum var. delavayi (Schltr.) So 1929; Platanthera mandarinorum var. hachijoensis (Honda) Ohwi 1953; Platanthera mandarinorum var. macrocentron (Franch. & Sav.) Ohwi 1953; Platanthera mandarinorum var. masamunei K.Inoue 1982; Platanthera mandarinorum var micrantha Pamp. 1915; Platanthera mandarinorum var. neglecta (Schltr.) F.Maek 1971; Platanthera mandarinorum var. ophryodes Finet 1901; Platanthera minax Schltr. 1922; Platanthera neglecta Schltr. 1919; Platanthera oreades var. brachycentron Franch. & Sav. 1878; Platanthera oreades var. macrocentron Franch. & Sav. 1878; Platanthera pachyglossa Hayata 1914; Platanthera winkleriana Schltr. 1922

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as P anboensis; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce and Cribb 2002 drawing fide as Aorchis spathulata; Native Orchids of Shaanxi Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 drawing fide as Orchis diantha; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide;