Platanthera minor (Miq.) Rchb.f. 1878 Photos by Hisanori Takeuchi and his Orchids of the World Website

Plant and Flowers in situ in Japan Photos courtesy of Natsui


Common Name The Lesser Platanthera - In Japan - Obano-tomboso [Broad leafed dragonfly weed] or Noyama-no-tonbo-sou [Wild dragonfly weed] - English common name - Green Cap orchid - In China Xiao She Chun Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [4-5 mm]

Found from southeastern China, Korea, central and southern Japan and Taiwan in forests on slopes and alpine meadows at elevations of 300-3000 meters as a medium to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial species with a 1 to 2' [30 to 60 cm] long stem carrying several alternate, lanceolate, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the later spring and early summer on an erect, 4 to 6" long, several to 20 flowered, racemose inflorescence with 2 to 5, foliaceous, lanceolate bracts ad ovate-lanceolate, basal ones exceeding the flowers in length, acuminate apically floral bracts carrying faintly fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Habenaria henryi Rolfe 1896; *Habenaria japonica var. minor Miq. 1865-6; Habenaria multibracteata W.W. Sm. 1921; Platanthera henryi {Rolfe] Kraenzl. 1899; Platanthera interrupta Maxim. 1887; Platanthera japonica var. minor Miq. 1865; Platanthera minor var mikurensis Takah. 1972; Platanthera multibracteata [W.W.Sm.] Schlechter 1924; Platanthera sigeyosii Masam. 1932;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo ok;