Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

White Flower Form

Plant and Flowers in situ Minnesota Photo by David Tidaback

Common Name Small Purple Fringed Orchid - The Butterfly Platanthera

Flower Size 5/8" [1.7 cm]

Found as a medium to large sized, cold growing terrestrial in wet thickets, meadows, swamps and bogs from the eastern to central USA and Canada with numerous fleshy roots and 2 to 5 basal, conduplicate, elliptic to lanceolate, acute, keeled on the back, dark green leaves with basal leaf sheaths and blooms on a 3/4 to 2 3/4" 20 to 80 cm] long, erect, stout, leafy, to 3' [90 cm] long, many [20 to 50] flowered, racemose inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts and fragrant flowers occuring in the summer.

Synonyms Blephariglottis fissa (Muhl. ex Willd.) G.Keller & So 1935; Blephariglottis psycodes (L.) Rydb. 1901; Blephariglottis psycodes f. albiflora (Ralph Hoffm.) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009; Blephariglottis psycodes f. albispicata House 1923; Blephariglottis psycodes f. ecalcarata (M.M.Bryan) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009; Blephariglottis psycodes f. fernaldii (J.Rousseau & Rouleau) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009; Blephariglottis psycodes f. rosea (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009; Blephariglottis psycodes f. varians (M.M.Bryan) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009; Fimbriella psycodes (L.) Butzin 1981; Habenaria fissa (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng. 1826; Habenaria psycodes (L.) Spreng. 1826; Habenaria psycodes f. albiflora R.Hoffm. 1922; Habenaria psycodes f. ecalcarata (M.M.Bryan) Dole 1937; Habenaria psycodes f. varians (M.M.Bryan) Fernald 1946; Habenaria psycodes var. ecalcarata M.M.Bryan 1917; Habenaria psycodes var. varians M.M.Bryan 1917; Habenaria racemosa Raf. 1820; Orchis fissa Muhl. ex Willd. 1805; Orchis incisa Muhl. ex Willd. 1805; *Orchis psycodes L. 1753; Platanthera fissa (Muhl. ex Willd.) Lindl. 1835; Platanthera psycodes f. albiflora (R.Hoffm.) R.E.Whiting & Catling 1982; Platanthera psycodes f. ecalcarata (M.M.Bryan) P.M.Br. 1988; Platanthera psycodes f. rosea P.M.Br. 1995; Platanthera psycodes f. varians (M.M.Bryan) P.M.Br. 1988

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 6 1966 photo as Habenaria psycodes; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 9 1970 photo as Habenaria psycodes; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 11 1979 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 photo; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 4 1993 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 4 1994 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 5 1997 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as Fimbriella psycodes drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 1 2003 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 10 2003 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 5 2009 photo;

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