!Pleione humilis (Sm.) D. Don 1825 SECTION Humiles Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Dale Borders

FragrancePart sunCold to Cool LATEWinterEARLY Spring

Common Name The Low Growing Pleione - In China Ai Xiao Du Suan Lan

Flower Size 2 to 4" [5 to 10 cm]

Found from the eastern Himalayas, Assam, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Myanmar in cloud forests at elevations of 1100 to 3500 meters growing on moss or the smooth trunks of rhododendron trees as a small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial or epiphyte with ovoid-conical pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, deciduous, oblanceolate, subacute leaf that blooms in the late winter and early spring on a basal, 3 to 5" [7.5 to 12.5 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence enveloped by a green sheath with a slightly fragrant, color variable flower.

Synonyms Coelogyne humilis Lindl. 1821; Coelogyne humilis var. albata Rchb.f. 1888; Coelogyne humilis var. tricolor Rchb.f. 1880; Cymbidium humile Sm. ex Lindl. 1821; Dendrobium humile (Sm.) Sm. in A.Rees 1808; *Epidendrum humile Sm. 1806; Pleione diantha Schltr. 1915; Pleione humilis var. adnata Pfitzer 1907; Pleione humilis var. purpurascens Pfitzer 1907

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Coelogyne humilis drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 10 1959 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 3 1963 drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing good; Orchid Digest Vol 48 No 4 1984 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 16/17/18 Schlechter/Brieger 1986 photo good; The Genus Pleione Cribb & Butterfield 1988 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 4 1998 photo; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009;

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