Echinosepala balaeniceps (Luer & Dressler) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2002

Another Angle

TYPE Drawing

photos/TYPE drawing of Pleurothallis balaeniceps by by Carl Luer

Full shade Warm LATERSpring

Common Name or Meaning The Whale-Headed Echinosepala [refers to the flower shape]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Veraguas department of Panama in montane cloud forests at elevations around 850 to 900 meters as a miniature sized, warm growing epiphyte with stout, ascending ramicauls with 3 loose, imbricating, tubular, often fragmented sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, thickly coriaceous, elliptical, subacute, cuneate below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the later spring on a pubescent, arising on any of the lower nodes of the ramicaul or rhizome, single flowered inflorescence with inflated, longer than the ovary floral bracts, and carrying a single, non-resupinate flower.

Closely alllied with Echinosepala lappiformis but is distinguished by the flowers four times larger, the obovate, acuminate middle sepal connate basally to the synseopal for the lower third and adherent at the tip, petals with processes that interdigitate in front of the column and a lip with a tall, longitudinal lamella on the base." Luer 1992

Synonyms Brenesia balaeniceps (Luer & Dressler) Luer 2004; Echinella balaeniceps (Luer & Dressler) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Myoxanthus balaeniceps (Luer & Dressler) Luer 1992; *Pleurothallis balaeniceps Luer & Dressler 1986

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Orquideologia Vol 16 #3 Luer & Dressler 1986 as Pleurothallis balaeniceps drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol IX Systematics of Myoxanthus Luer 1992 as Myoxanthus balaeniceps drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XII Systematics of Brachionidium Luer 1995 as Pleurothallis baleniceps;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4:253 Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001 as Echinella balaeniceps;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera, A second century of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Brenesia balaeniceps;

LANKESTERIANA 17(2): Pupulin 2017

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