Pleurothallis corniculata [Sw.] Lindl. 1842

SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Hymenodanthae SUBSECTION Apodae-Caespitosae [Lindl.]Luer 1986

Photo by Bryan Ramsey and his P Base Orchid Website

Plant and Flower

Photo courtesy of Ruth Guillard

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Byron Rinke

Common Name The Small Horned Pleurothallis

Flower Size 1/8" [3mm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama, Cuba and Jamaica in dense tropical forests at elevations of 5 to 1350 meters as a miniature sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with erect, slender ramicauls enveloped basally by 3, scarious sheaths and carrying a single, apical elliptic, obtuse, narrows below into the conduplicate petioleate base leaf and blooms in cultivation in the spring on a 1 5/8" [4 cm] long, successively few, single flowered inflorescence arising from above the base with an acumiante floral bract

Synonyms Antilla alpestris (Sw.) Luer 2004; Cymbidium corniculatum (Sw.) Spreng. 1826; Dendrobium alpestre (Sw.) Sw. 1799; Dendrobium corniculatum (Sw.) Sw. 1799; Epidendrum alpestre Sw. 1788; *Epidendrum corniculatum Sw. 1788; Epidendrum monophyllum Hook. 1824; Humboldtia alpestris (Sw.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia corniculata (Sw.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia emarginata Pav. ex Lindl. 1830; Humboldtia monophylla (Hook.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia pyrsodes (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia vilipensa (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Liparis monophylla (Hook.) Spreng. 1826; Physosiphon emarginatus (Lindl.) Lindl. 1838; Pleurothallis alpestris (Sw.) Lindl. 1830; Pleurothallis barboselloides Schltr. 1922; Pleurothallis emarginata (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859; Pleurothallis jocolensis Ames 1923; Pleurothallis monophylla (Hook.) Fawc. & Rendle 1910; Pleurothallis nubigena Lindl. 1858; Pleurothallis pyrsodes Rchb.f. 1876; Pleurothallis rubigena Lindl. 1858 spalm; Pleurothallis vilipensa Rchb.f. 1857; Sarcinula corniculata (Sw.) Luer 2006; Specklinia barboselloides (Schltr.) Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001; Specklinia corniculata (Sw.) Steud. 1841; Specklinia emarginata Lindl. 1830; Specklinia pyrsodes (Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Physosiphon emarginatus; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as P alpestris; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as P monophylla; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 18. Panama Schlechter 1922 as P barboselloides; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:50 Schlechter 1924 as P nubigena; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as P alpestris; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as P emarginata; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as P alpestris; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as P pyrsodes; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as P alpestris appendix; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 as Physosiphon emarginatus; ; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 as P uniflora drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as P uniflora drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1094 Dodson 1984 drawing good; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986 as Pleurothallis barboselloides; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol 3 Luer 1986 as P pyrsodes; Catologo Descriptivo de Las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1987; Orchids of Jamaica Gloudon & Tobisch 1995 Photo ok; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XX Luer 2000 as P alpestris drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 as P alpestris drawing hmm; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Specklina pyrsodes; Systematics and evolution of the genus Pleurothallis R. Br. (Orchidaceae) in the Greater Antilles Hagen Stenzel 2004 drawing fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 as Specklinia corniculata photo ok; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Sarcinula corniculata drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 as P pysodesphoto fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 as P alpestris drawing good; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Specklinia corniculata; Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Specklnia corniculata photo fide