Pleurothallis galeata Lindl. 1845 SUBGENUS Crocodeilanthe

Flower Closeup

Photos by © Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

P quinquecallosa type flower

Photos by © A. Müller and his Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz HerbariaWebsite


Common Name The Helmut Pleurothallis [refers to the cucullate dorsal sepal]

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia? in cloud forests at elevations of 1500 to 3400 meters as a medium to large sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte and terrestrial on roadbanks and rock outcroppings with fasiculate, stout, erect ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3 loose, imbricating, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, broadly ovate to elliptical, acute to subacute to obtuse, rounded to cuneate below into the elongate petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring, summer and early fall on a fascile of few to many, arching, 4.8 to 7.2" [12 to 18 cm] long, racemose, simultaneously many flowered inflorescence subtended by a broad spathe arising from an annulus

Synonyms Crocodeilanthe galeata (Lindl.) Luer 2004; Humboldtia fraterna (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia galeata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis fraterna Lindl. 1859; Pleurothallis quinquecallosa Luer 1981; Pleurothallis sororia Schltr.1920; Pleurothallis trianaei Schltr. 1920; Pleurothallis trinaei Schlechter 1924 mispell for trianaei; Pleurothallis venosa Rolfe 1906; Stelis galeata (Lindl.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as P trianaei; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:12 Schlechter 1924 as P trinaei mispell for trianaei; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 drawing fide to the quinquecallosa flower photo; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum III Systematic of Pleurothallis Luer 1986; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XVI Luer 1998 Drawings fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Stelis galeata; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo hmm; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 as Crocodeilanthe galeata; Orquideas del Valle de Aburra Medellin Colombia Orqidelogia 2014 photo not; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 as Stelis galeata photo fide