Pleurothallis helenae Fawc. & Rendle 1909 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Muscariae Luer 1986

Photo by Mikael Karlbom and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Drawing

Drawing by Hagen Stenzel and Systematics and evolution of the genus Pleurothallis R. Br. (Orchidaceae) in the Greater Antilles

Common Name Helen's Pleurothallis [Mrs Helen Wood English Plant Illustrator later 1800's - early 1900-'s]

Flower Size .1" [2 mm]

Found in Cuba, Haiti, Baharona, Peravia, Bahoruco, Santiago and Constanza provinces of Dominican Republic and Jamaica on twigs or rocks in mosses and lichens; prefers humid and partially open places like foggy mountain crests in elfin forests from 1000 to 1300 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cool growing, caespitose epiphyte or lithophyte with very short ramicauls enveloped by 2 scarious, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, green, glabrous, narrowly spathulate, acute to obtuse, tridentate, narrowly attenuate into the base leaf that blooms on a terminal, subtended by a sheath and arising through an annulus, ascending, .4 to .75" [1 to 1.8 cm] long, 2 to 6 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the pedciel floral bract.

"Characterized by the minute, caespitose habit with twice longer, hair-like racemes of 2 to 3 successive flowers.The sepals are carinate and acuminate, the petals are fimbriate and also acuminate and the lip is red, thick and oblong, cellular-papillose and rounded a tthe apex. Below the middle the lateral lobes are low and broadly rounded and a pair of pubescent, oblong calli are on the disc." Luer 2006

Synonyms Andreettaea helenae (Fawc. & Rendle) A.Doucette First published in Internet Orchid Sp. Photo Encycl. Nomencl. Notes 8(1):4 2022; Muscarella helenae (Fawc. & Rendle) Luer 2006; Specklinia helenae (Fawc. & Rendle) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* J. Bot. 47: 4 Fawcett & Rendle 1909;

Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910;

Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol III Systematics of Pleurothallis Luer 1986;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4:258 Pridgeon and Chase 2001 as Specklinia helenae;

Systematics and evolution of the genus Pleurothallis R. Br. (Orchidaceae) in the Greater Antilles Hagen Stenzel 2004 drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006 as Muscarella helenae

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006 as Muscarella helenae drawing fide;

Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014;

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Muscarella helenae photo fide;

Internet Orchid Sp. Photo Encycl. Nomencl. Notes 8(1):4 Doucette 2022 as Andreettaea helenae

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