Pleurothallis zephyrina Rchb.f. 1855 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Muscariae Luer 1986

Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

Another Color form

Photo by The Orchid a Day Photo Website

Another Color form

Photo by Andreas Kay and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Drawing as P setigera

Drawing as P lauta

Drawing as P fimbripetala and schistopetala

Drawings by Carl Luer

Full shadeCool Spring

Common Name or Meaning The Windy Pleurothallis [refers to the wiry inflorescence and the fact that the flower is bobbing in the slightest breeze]

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia in shady, wet tropical montane forests at elevations around 1600 to 1650 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cool growing, caespitose epiphyte with erect, slender ramicauls enveloped basally by a tubular sheath and carrying an erect, thinly coriaceous, narrowly oblong, obtuse, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring on a fascile of successive, single flowered inflorescence with less than half as long as the pedicel floral bracts and carrying the flowers at the leaf base.

"The sepals are glabrous, acute and acuminate into tails about as long as the blade. The petals are elliptical with long-fringed margins with the apex contracted into a slender tail about as long as the blade. Variations of the fimbriations led to the descriptions of P fimbripetala, P lauta, P schistopetals and P bulbophylloides. The lip is more or less pandurate-trilobed with a central constriction, the margins of the lip are erect to form subacute, obtuse to rounded, lateral lobes. The disc is superficially channeled between a low pair of calli that course forward from the lateral lobes and across the centraql constriction. The most variable feature is the margin at the isthmus. It is variously cellular, to ciliate, to fimbriate and varrying a degree between them all." Luer 2006

Synonyms Andreettaea zephyrina (Rchb.f.) A.Doucette First published in Internet Orchid Sp. Photo Encycl. Nomencl. Notes 8(1):9 Doucette 2022; Humboldtia arachnantha (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia setigera (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia zephyrina (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Muscarella zephyrina (Rchb.f.) Luer 2006; Pleurothallis arachnantha Rchb.f. 1878; Pleurothallis bulbophylloides Schltr 1929; Pleurothallis fimbripetala Schltr. 1916; Pleurothallis lauta Schltr.1920; Pleurothallis schistopetala Schltr. 1920; Pleurothallis setigera Lindl. 1859; Specklinia bulbophylloides (Schltr.) Luer 2004; Specklinia setigera (Lindl.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Specklinia zephyrina (Rchb.f.) Luer 2004; Trichosalpinx zephyrina (Rchb.f.) Luer 1983

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* Bonplandia (Hannover) 3: 71 Rchb.f 1855;

Fol. Orchid. 9: 38 Lindley 1859 as P setigera;

Otia Bot. Hamburg.: 18 Rchb.f 1878 as P arachnantha;

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 667 Kuntze 1891 as Humboltia arachnantha

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 668 Kuntze 1891 as Humboltia setigera;

Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 668 Kuntze 1891 as Humboltia zephyrina;

Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14: 385 Schlechter 1916 as P fimbripetala;

Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as P lauta;

Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as P schistopetala;

Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 50 Schlechter 1929 as P bulbophylloides;

Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide as P setigera;

Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 2 Foldats 1970 as P setigera drawing fide;

First Supplement to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970 as P setigera;

Selbyana 1: 288 Luer 1975 drawing fide;

Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as P setigera drawing fide;

Phytologia 54: 398 Luer 1983 as Trichosalpinx zephyrina;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 159 Dodson 1989 erroneous = P aristata;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol III Systematrics of Pleurothallis Luer 1986 as P setigera;

Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide;

Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 356 Bennett & Christenson 1995 as P setigera drawing ok;

Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide;

Orchids of Bolivia Vol 1 Pleurothallidinae Vasquez & Ibisch 2000 as P bulbophylloides;

Orchids of Bolivia Vasquez & Ibisch Vol 1 2000 as P setigera drawing fide;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4:259 Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001 as Specklinia setigera;

Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide;

Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia bulbophylloides;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia zephyrina;

Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 as P setigera drawing/photo not?;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006 as Muscarella zephyrina

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006 as Muscarella zephyrina drawing fide;

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Muscarella zephyrina photo fide;

Internet Orchid Sp. Photo Encycl. Nomencl. Notes 8(1):9 Doucette 2022 as Andreettaea zephyrina;

LANKESTERIANA 23(2). Karremans, Moreno, Gil-Amaya, Morales, Espinosa, Mesa, Restrepo, Rincon-Gonzales, Serna, Sierra-Ariza and Vieira-Uribe 2023 as Andreettaea zephyrina photo fide;

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