Pleurothallis simmleriana Rendle 1900 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Hymenodanthae SUBSECTION Apodae-Caespitosae [Lindl.]Luer 1986

Photos by Daniel Jimenez

Drawing

Drawing by Carl Luer

Full Shade Hot WarmWinterSpringSummer Fall

Common Name Simmler's Pleurothallis [Orchid Enthusiast early 1900's]

Flower Size .36" [9 mm]

Found in Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia at elevations of 20 to 1000 meters as a miniature sized, hot to warm growing, caespitose epiphyte with slender, erect ramicauls enveloped by 2 thin, tubualr sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, narrowly elliptical, acute to subacute, gradually narrowing below into the indistinct, subpetiolate base leaf that blooms in the at most any time of the year on a fascile of congested, slender, peduncle 1.6 to 2.4" [4 to 6 cm] long, successively single, few flowered inflorescence with thin, imbricating, somewhat shorter than the pedicels floral bracts.

"Characterized by the small, caespiose habit with narrow leaves surpassed by a slender peduncle that bears a fascile of apical peduncles. The distinctive sepals are acute and prominently striped with dark purple. The sides of the laterals recurve above the lower third. The petals are acute and similarly striped. The lip is oblong with longitudinal, verrucose calli amd with the obtuse apex denticulate." Luer 2006

Synonyms Pleurothallis periodica Ames 1924; Sarcinula simmleriana (Rendle) Luer 2006; Specklinia periodica (Ames) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Specklinia simmleriana (Rendle) Luer 2004

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* J. Bot. 38(451): 274-275. Rendle 1900;

Selbyana 3: 164 Luer 1976 as P periodica drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol III Systematics of Pleurothallis Luer 1986 as P periodica;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4:258 Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001 as Specklina periodica

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004as Specklnia simmerliana;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006 as Sarcinula simmerliana

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006 as Sarcinula simmerliana drawing fide;

Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo not;

Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Specklinia simmeriana;

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Specklinia simmerliana photo fide

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