!Pollardia livida [Lindl.] Withner & Harding 2004 Photo by © Timothy Choltco

Another Flower Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Another Color Variation Photo by © Weyman Bussey

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Common Name The Bluish Pollardia

Flower Size 3/4" [1.8 cm]

A smaller sized, hot to cool growing, mat forming epiphytic species found on cacti, trees and rocks in sunny locations within humid, seasonally dry forests from Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador at elevations from sealevel to 1600 meters with ellipsoid, lightly complanate, bifoliate pseudobulbs partially enveloped basally in youth by scarious sheaths and carrying 1 or 2 apical, oblong-elliptic, attenuate to conduplicate into the petiolate base, acute to minutely bilobed apically, thin leaves that flowers throughout the year but mostly in the late fall and winter, on an apical, 1.5 to 4 1/2" [4 to 11 cm] long, few [3 to 7] flowered inflorescence, arising on a mature pseudobulb as a new growth arises, that is shorter than the leaves and has flowers that do not open very well.

This species is distinguished from others by itís slightly swollen pseudobulb at the mid-point and the strongly undulate margins of the lip.

Synonyms Anacheilium lividum (Lindl.) C. Pabst, Moutinho & A.V. Pinto 1981; Encyclia deamii [Schlecter]Hoechne 1952; Encyclia livida [Lindley] Dressler 1961; Encyclia tessaelata Schlechter 1918; Encyclia tessellata Schlechter 1918; Epidendrum articulatum Klotsch 1838; Epidendrum chondrochilum F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899; Epidendrum condylochilum Lehm. & Kraenzel 1899; Epidendrum dasytainia Schlecter 1921; Epidendrum deamii Schlechter 1918; Epidendrum henricii Schlechter 1906; *Epidendrum lividum Lindl. 1838; Epidendrum tesselatum Batem ex Lindley 1838; Prosthechea livida (Lindl.) W. E. Higgins 1997; Pseudencyclia livida (Lindl.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2003

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR as Protheschea livida; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum lividum; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten III Ecuador Schlechter 1921 as Epidendrum dasytainia; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 47. Panama Schlechter 1922 as E tessalata; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 131. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Encyclia tessalata; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 213. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Epidendrum henrici; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum deamii; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum lividum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum condylochilum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum lividum; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as Epidenrum lividum drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum condylochilum; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 as Epidendrum lividum; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Epidendrum lividum drawing fide; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Hormidium lividum drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum lividum drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as Encyclia livida; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Epidendrum lividum drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum lividum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 068 Dodson 1980 as Encyclia livida drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1017 Dodson 1984 as Encyclia livida drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia livida drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 036 Bennett & Christenson 1993 as Encyclia livida drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as Prosthechea livida drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as Prosthechea livida drawing/photo fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as Prosthechea Livida photo fide; *Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 7 Withner & Harding 2004 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Prosthechea livida photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal 2014 as Prosthechea livida drawing/photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Prosthechea livida photo fide

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