!Ponthieva racemosa (Walter) C. Mohr 1901Photo by Louisiana Dept. Of Wildlife and Fisheries and their Louisiana Natural Heritage Program Rare Plant Tracking List

Plant in situ Louisiana

Another Flower?Photo by Herman Terborch of Botanische OrchideeŽn

to EARLY

Common Name The Racemose Ponthieva - The Hairy Shadow Witch

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas states of USA as well as Mexico, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil at elevations of 200 to 4000 meters as a small to medium sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with a basal rosette of broad, variable, elliptic to lanceolate to obovate, acute, petiolate, glabrous leaves that blooms in the winter and early spring on an erect, pubescent, to 10" [to 25 cm] long, few to many flowered, racemose inflorescence with prominent bracts.

Synonyms Arethusa racemosa Walter 1788; Cranichis multiflora Elliott ex Nutt. 1818; Epipactis pubescens Pursh 1813; Listera pubescens (Pursh) Elliott 1823; Neottia glandulosa Sims 1805; Neottia pubera Steud. 1841; Nerissa glandulosa (Sims) Raf. 1837; Ponthieva costaricensis Schltr. 1923; Ponthieva glandulosa (Sims) R.Br. 1813; Ponthieva glandulosa var. macra Rchb.f. 1854; Ponthieva guatemalensis Rchb.f. 1866; Ponthieva lancifolia A.Rich. 1850; Ponthieva oblongifolia A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Serapias pubescens (Pursh) Steud. 1821

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853 as P glandulosa var rostrata; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as P glandulosa; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P glandulosa; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 84. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as P costaricensis; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 84. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as P glandulosa; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 165. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as P costaricensis; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 165. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as P glandulosa; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawingfide; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 drawing good; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing good; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1138 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 Orchidaceae Mc Vaugh 1985; AOS Bulletin Vol,55 No 3 1986 photo; Fairchild Tropical Garden Bulletin Vol 47 No 2 1992 photo; An Orchid Flora of Peurto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------