Porroglossum echidna (Rchb. f.) Garay 1953 SUBGENUS Porroglossum SECTION Echidna Luer 1987 Photo by Fred Kahan and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright 2002 All rights reserved.

Common Name The Hedgehog Porroglossum [refers to the prickly inflorescence]

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Colombia and Venezuela in cloud forests at elevations around 2500 to 3200 meters as a miniature sized, cold growing epiphyte or litho-terrrestrial with stout, erect ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3 tubular sheaths and carrying a single apical, erect, thickly coriaceous, verrucose, petiolate, narrowly obovate to narrowly elliptical, acute leaf that gradually narrows below into the petiole and blooms at any time on a congested, successively few flowering, racemose, densely long pubescent, 4" to 8" [10 to 20 cm] long, erect inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with a bract below the middle and tubular, imbricating floral bracts and holding a single flower well above the leaves.

Synonyms *Masdevallia echidna Rchb. f. 1855; Scaphosepalum echidna (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as Masdevallia echidna; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 not = P muscosum; Die Orchideen #8 29-32 tafel 8 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 not = P muscosum; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 6 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 6 1986 drawing; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Acostea, Condylago and Porroglossum Vol 4 1987 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988 photo; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 drawing fide;

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