Porroglossum echidna (Rchb. f.) Garay 1953 SUBGENUS Porroglossum SECTION Echidna Luer 1987 Photo by Fred Kahan and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Side View of Flower Photo by The Akerne Orchid Website

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright 2002 All rights reserved.

Common Name The Hedgehog Porroglossum [refers to the prickly inflorescence]

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Colombia and Venezuela in cloud forests at elevations around 2500 to 3200 meters as a miniature sized, cold growing epiphyte or litho-terrrestrial with stout, erect ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3 tubular sheaths and carrying a single apical, erect, thickly coriaceous, verrucose, petiolate, narrowly obovate to narrowly elliptical, acute leaf that gradually narrows below into the petiole and blooms at any time on a congested, successively few flowering, racemose, densely long pubescent, 4" to 8" [10 to 20 cm] long, erect inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with a bract below the middle and tubular, imbricating floral bracts and holding a single flower well above the leaves.

Synonyms *Masdevallia echidna Rchb. f. 1855; Scaphosepalum echidna (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as Masdevallia echidna; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 not = P muscosum; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 8 449 - 512 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1976 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 not = P muscosum; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 6 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 6 1986 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Acostea, Condylago and Porroglossum Vol 4 1987 drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Dunsterville 1987 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988 photo; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo ok; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 28 #2 2011 as Scaphosepalum ecidna photo ok; Orquideologia Vol 29 #1 2012 photo fide