!Psychilis bifida (Aubl.) Sauleda 1988 Photo by Ruben Sauleda


Common Name The Two Cleft Psychilus [refers to the lip]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Haiti on trees along the coast near sea level as a medium to giant sized, hot growing epiphyte with crowded, narrowly conical, tranversely 2 to 4 ringed pseudobulbs carrying 3 apical, basally clasping, linear, acute leaves that blooms mainly in the spring and summer on a terminal, erect, slender, terete, to 4' [to 120 cm] long, peduncle ending in a few branched, many flowered fractiflex rachis with many membraneous, narrowly triangular, acuminate floral bracts.

An elixer made from the pseudobulbs of this species has been used to combat tapeworms.

Synonyms Encyclia bifida (Aubl.) Britton & P.Wilson 1930; Encyclia ekmanii (Mansf.) Dod 1983; Encyclia papilionacea (Vahl) Schltr. 1919; Epidendrum auropurpureum Lindl. 1831; *Epidendrum bifidum Aubl.1775; Epidendrum ekmanii Mansf. 1926; Epidendrum papilionaceum Vahl 1793; Epidendrum papilionaceum var. grandiflorum Cogn. 1910; Psychilis amena Raf. 1838

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum papilionaceum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum papilionaceum var grandiflorum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 74 Schlechter 1919 as Encyclia pailionaceum; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Epidendrum papilionaeceum not = P correllii; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959 as Epidendrum bifidum; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 No 6 1967 as Epidendrum bifidum drawing/photo fide; Flora de Venezuela Vol 15 Tercera Parte Foldats 1970 as Epidendrum papilionaceum; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Encyclia grandiflora; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 as Epidendrum bifidum; *Phytologia Vol 65, No 1 1988; Inventaire Taxominique des Plantes de la Guyane Francaise Vol II Les Orchidaceaes Cremers and Hoff 1992 as E bifidum; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 drawing fde; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 8 1997 photo fide; Orchidaceae Antillinae Nir 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 ; The Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 4 Withner 1996 photo not; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014