Psygmorchis pumilio (Rchb.f.) Dodson & Dressler 1972

Plant and Flowers in situ Armenia Colombia 1200 meters 7/14 Photos by Jay Pfahl

Bicolor variety

Plant and Flower Photos by Walter Schug and His MesoAmerican Orchid Page

Part ShadeHot Warm Winter Spring Summer Fall

Common Name The Dwarf Psymorchis

Flower Size .6" [1.4 cm]

Found in Mexico, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, French Guinea, Surinam, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil in wet premontane and riverine forests at elevations of 260 to 1850 meters as a minaiture sized, hot to warm growing, twig epiphyte with a fan shaped spread offleshy, sickle shaped, acute, conduplicate leaves into the overlapping bases below and blooms at most any time of the year on 1 to 2, erect to arching, axillary, 1.4" [3.5 cm] long, successively single flowered, 2 to 3 per inflorescence

Synonyms Erycina gnomus (Kraenzl.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001; Erycina hondurensis (Ames) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001; Erycina pumilio (Rchb.f.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001; Oncidium gnomus Kraenzl. 1922; Oncidium hondurense Ames 1933; Oncidium oberonia Schltr. 1924; Oncidium pumilio Rchb.f. 1852; Oncidium titania Schltr. 1923; Psygmorchis gnomus (Kraenzl.) Dodson & Dressler 1972; Psygmorchis hondurensis (Ames) Garay & Stacy 1974; Tolumnia pumilio (Rchb.f.) Hoehne 1949

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 10(40): 697. 1852 as Oncidium pumilio; Das Pflanzenreich Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as O gnomus; Das Pflanzenreich Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as O pumilio; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 67. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Oncidium titania; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 151. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Oncidium titania; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 262. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Oncidium titania; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:113 Schlechter 1924 as O oberonia; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 photo as Oncidium pumilio; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1264 Hamer 1985 as P gnoma drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 4 1986 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 275 Dodson 1980 Drawing fide; Fieldiana, Flora costaricesis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1997; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as Erycina gnoma; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as Erycina hondurensis; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as Erycina pumilio; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 drawing/photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Erycina pumilio photo fide; Orchid Species Culture Oncidium/Odontoglossum Alliance Bakers 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 7 2005 photo as Oncidium titania; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------